Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between ‘strong’ arguments and ‘weak’ arguments. ‘Strong’ arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. ‘Weak’ arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
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Question 1 of 10
Statement : Should the Govt. immediately stop registration of new cars for private use throughout the country with immediate effect?
I. No, the Govt. does not have authority to do so.
II. Yes, this is the only way to decongest the roads of big cities in India
Govt. has the authority to take any decision of public interest. So argument I is not strong. No problem has only one solution. The word ‘only’ in argument II makes it weak.
Question 2 of 10
Statement : Should the management of all the private hospitals in India be taken over by the Govt.?
I. Yes, this will significantly improve the services rendered by these hospitals to the patients.
II. No, the Govt. does not have enough financial and human resources to manage these hospitals.
Both arguments are weak. Usually government managed institutions render poor services. So argument I is weak. The government has no dearth of financial and human resources to manage private hospitals. So argument II is also weak.
Question 3 of 10
Statement : Should the Govt. construct big dams across all the major rivers in India in multiple locations?
I. No, this will destroy the ecosystem of the entire country.
II. Yes, this will ensure adequate supply of water for irrigation throughout the country.
Big dams are proven threat to ecosystem. So argument I is strong. Irrigation facilities could be developed by resorting to less harmful ways. So argument II is weak.
Question 4 of 10
Statement : Should the Govt. sell major part of its stake in all the profit making public sector undertakings?
I. No, Govt. should not give up its control of these undertakings as these are profit making organizations.
II. Yes, this will help government reduce the quantum of huge budgetary deficit and augment its resources.
Both the arguments are strong. But government can take only either of the two steps. Either government should sell its stake or it should not sell its stake.
Question 5 of 10
Statement : Should there be a uniform admission criteria for all the engineering colleges in India?
I. Yes, this will ensure quality of students admitted to the engineering colleges.
II. No, this is practically not possible.
Argument I is strong because uniform admission criteria will certainly ensure quality of students. Argument II doesn’t make any sense. Why is it not practically possible?
Question 6 of 10
Statement : Should the govt. deregulate the retail prices of petrol, diesel and cooking gas and allow the prices to be driven by market conditions?
I. Yes, this will largely help the oil companies to sell their products at competitive price.
II. No, the general public cannot afford market driven prices of these products.
III.Yes, govt. needs to stop subsidizing these products and channelise the money for developmental projects.
All the three arguments carry strong logic and reason with them. So all are strong.
Question 7 of 10
Statement : Should the govt. take over all the private passenger transport companies across the country?
I. Yes, this should be done as the govt. runs the railways.
II. No, govt. does not have expertise to handle such operations.
III.Yes, this way general public can be taken out of the clutches of the private transport companies.
None of the three arguments is strong.
Question 8 of 10
Statement : Should the institutes of higher learnings in India like IITS and IIMS be made totally free from govt. control?
I. Yes, such institutes in the developed countries are run by non-govt. agencies.
II. No, govt. needs to regulate functions of these institutes for national interest.
III.No, these institutes are not capable to take policy decisions for smooth functioning.
None of the three arguments is strong. India cannot blindly follow the practices of developed countries. How national interest is served by govt. control? Privately managed institutes are facing better than govt controlled institutes.
Question 9 of 10
Statement : Should the parliament elections in India be held on a single day throughout the country?
I. Yes, this is the only way to handle such elections.
II. Yes, this will help the commission to concentrate on a single day for election related issues.
III.No, some other countries hold such elections spread over several days.
No problem can have only one solution. India is too vast to conduct election in a single day. Each country has different set of practices and problems. So none is strong.
Question 10 of 10
Statement : Should there be a common pay structure of the central govt. and all state govt. employees in the country?
I. No, each state govt. should have the freedom to decide the pay structure of its employees.
II. No, the workload and responsibilities of central govt. employees and state govt. employees differ and hence there should be different pay structure.
III.Yes, all are govt. employees and hence they should be treated equally irrespective of their working with central govt. or any state govt.
Only argument I is strong. The power and function of control and state governments are well defined in the constitution. So central government should not interface in the rights of state government.