Analogy Tricks, Examples and Online Test

Analogy literally means ‘similarity’ having a similar features. Questions on analogy test the ability of a candidate to understand the relationship between two given objects in mind that asked in the question. It must be borne in mind that a candidate’s intellectual skill is important to analyse the similarity between two or more objects, yet a rich knowledge of usages of different words adds to one’s performance. This type of questions covers all types of relationship that one thinks. There are many ways of establishing a relationship.

Important types of Analogy

Synonym Based Analogy

In such type of analogy two words have similar meaning.
Examples:

Big: LargeHuge : Gigantic
Endless : EternalThin : Slim
Benevolent : KindNotion : Idea

Antonym Based Analogy

In such type of analogy the two words of the question pair are opposite in meaning.
Examples:

Poor : RichFat: Slim
Tall: ShortBig: Small
Light : DarkAvoid : Meet

Tool & Object Based Analogy

This establishes a relationship between a tool and the object in which it works.
Examples:

Pencil : PaperPen : Paper
Scissors : ClothSaw : Wood
Eraser : PaperFilter : Water

Worker & Tool Based Analogy

This establishes a relationship between a particular tool and the person of that particular profession who uses that tool.
Examples:

Writer : PenPainter : Brush
Cricketer : BatBlacksmith : Hammer
Barber : ScissorsHunter : Gun

Worker & Product Based Analogy

This type of analogy gives a relationship between a person of particular profession and his/her creations.
Examples:

Batsman : RunWriter: Book
Author : NovelSinger: Song
Poet : PoemJournalist : News

Causes & Effect Based Analogy

In such type of analogy 1st word acts and the 2nd word is the effect of that action.
Examples:

Work : TirednessBath : Freshness
Race : FatigueShoot : Kill
Infection : DiseaseFood : Energy

Gender Based Analogy

In such type of analogy, one word is masculine and another word is feminine of it. In fact, it is a ‘male and female’ or ‘sex’ relationship.

Examples:

Man : WomanBoy : Girl
Nephew : NieceBull : Cow
Duck : DrakeLion : Lioness

Classification Based Analogy

This type of analogy is based on biological, physical, chemical or any other classification. In such problems the 1st word may be classified by the 2nd word and vice-versa.

Examples:

Cow : AnimalGirl : Human
Oxygen : GasWater: Liquid
Snake : ReptileParrot: Bird

Function Based Analogy

In such type of analogy, 2nd word describes the function of the 1st word.

Examples:

Singer : SingsGeneral : Commands
Player : PlaysSurgeon : Operates
Spoon : FeedMicroscope : Magnify

Quantity and Unit Based Analogy

In such type of analogy 2nd word is the unit of the first word and vice-versa.

Examples:

Distance : MileMass : Kilogram
Length : MeterForce : Newton
Power : WattTemperature : Degree

Product & Raw Material Based Analogy

In such type of analogy the 1st word is the raw material and 2nd word is the end product of that raw material and vice-versa.

Examples:

Yarn : FabricMilk : Curd
Flour : BreadLatex : Rubber
Grape : WineFruit : Juice

Utility Based Analogy

In such type of analogy the 2nd word shows the purpose of the 1st word or vice-versa.

Examples:

Pen : WritingFood : Eating
Chair : SittingBed : Sleeping
Bat : PlayingSteering : Drive

Symbolic Relationship Based Analogy

In such type of analogy, the 1st word is the symbol of the 2nd word and vice-versa.

Examples:

White : PeaceRed : Danger
Black : SorrowRed Cross : Hospital
Swastika : FortuneYellow : Flood

Adult & Young one Based Analogy

In such type of analogy, the 1st word is the adult one and 2nd word is the young one of the 1st word or vice-versa.

Examples:

Cow : CalfHuman : Child
Dog: PuppyDuck : Duck ling
Goat : KidTiger : Cub

Subject & Specialist Based Analogy

In such type of analogy the 2nd word is the specialist of 1st word (subject) or vice-versa.

Examples:

Heart : CardiologistSkin : Dermatologist
Pediatrics : ChildrenOphthalmologist : Eye
Geologist : Earth Science

Habit Based Analogy

In this type of analogy 2nd word is the habit of 1st and vice-versa.

Examples:

Cat : OmnivorousTiger : Carnivorous
Cow : HerbivorousGoat : Herbivorous

Instrument and Measurement Based Analogy

We see in this type of analogy, the 1st word is the instrument to measure the 2nd word and vice-versa.

Examples:

Hygrometer : HumidityBarometer : Pressure
Thermometer : TemperatureSphygmomanometer : Blood pressure

Individual & Group Based Analogy

Second word is the group of 1st word (or vice-versa) in such type of analogy.

Examples:

Cow : HerdSheep : Flack
Grapes : BunchSinger : Chorus

State & Capital Based Analogy

1st word is the state and 2nd word is the capital of that state (1st word) (or vice-versa) in the analogy.

Examples:

Bihar : PatnaWest Bengal : Kolkata
Maharashtra: MumbaiKarnataka : Bangluru

Capital & Country Based Analogy

Examples:

Rome : ItalyMuskat : Oman
Lima : PeruAccra : Ghana
Oslo : NorwayDelhi : India

Individual & Dwelling Place Based Analogy

In such type of analogy 1st word is the individual & 2nd word is the dwelling place of that individual (1st word) and vice-versa.

Examples:

Horse : StableBee : Apiary
Dog : KennelBirds : Aviary
Monk : MonasteryHuman : House

Worker and Working Place Based Analogy

In this type of analogy the 1st word represents a person of particular profession and 2nd word represents the working place of that person (1st word) and vice-versa.

Examples:

Doctor : HospitalClerk : Office
Cook : KitchenProfessor : College
Teacher : SchoolLawyer : Court

Topic Study Based Analogy

1st word is the study of the 2nd word (or vice-versa) in the analogy.

Examples:

Birds : OrnithologyEarth quakes : Seismology
Botany : PlantsZoology : Animals
Mycology : FungiHistology : Tissues

Trophy and Game Based Analogy

Examples:

Ranji Trophy : CricketDhyan chand Trophy : Hockey
Thomas Cup : BadmintonUber cup : Badminton

Product and Raw Material Based Analogy

Examples:

Metal : OreBread : Flour
Curd : MilkWine : Grapes
Butter : MilkWall : Brick

Individual and Group/class

Examples:

Man : CrowdFlowers : Bouquet
Fish : ShoalSheep : Flock
Cattle : HerdSinger : Chorus

Organ & Disease

Examples:

Liver : JaundiceEye : Cataract
Kidney : Stone

Analogy Based on Alphabet

1. Forward Alphabetical Sequence

Examples:

CD : FG : : PQ : STEGI : MOQ : : UWY : CEG

2. Backward Alphabetical Sequence

Examples :

DC : GF : : QP : TSIGE : QOM : : YWU : GEC

3. Vowel – Consonant Relation

Example: ATL : EVX : : IPR : ORS

Here, the 1st two words start with the 1st two vowels A & E and the next two words start with the next two vowels I & O. Last two letter of every word are consonants.

4. Skip Letter Relation

Example: ABC : FGH : : IJK : NOP

Here between ABC & FGH two letters skip and they are D & E. Similarly, between IJK & NOP two letters skip and they are L & M.

5. Jumbled Letters Relation

Example:

(i) LAIN : NAIL : : EVOL : Love

Here the 1st term gets reversed to produce the 2nd term and similar relation is shown in between 3rd and 4th term.

(ii) ABCD : OPQR : : WXYZ : KLMN

In (ii) each letter of the 1st group ‘ABCD’ is moved fourteen steps forward to obtain the corresponding letter of the 2nd group ‘OPQR’. A similar relation is established between the third group ‘WXYZ’ and the fourth group ‘KLMN.’