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- Question 1 of 48
How many members of the Anglo-Indian community can be nominated by the President of India to the Parliament?
Between 1952 and 2020, 2 additional members of the Anglo-Indian community were nominated by the President of India, which was abolished in January 2020 by the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019. Provision for the nomination of two Anglo-Indians to Lok Sabha was made under Article 331 of the Constitution.
- Question 2 of 48
What is Gandhi’s definition of Rama Raj?
On an occasion, Gandhi had explained that for him a true Ram Rajya means to ensure “equal rights to both prince and pauper”.
- Question 3 of 48
Who can initiate impeachment of the President?
The president and judges, including the chief justice of the supreme court and high courts, can be impeached by the parliament before the expiry of the term for violation of the Constitution. According to Article 61 of the Indian constitution, the impeachment process can be initiated by 1/4th of members of either House of the Parliament.
- Question 4 of 48
What can the President do if a State fails to comply with the Directives of the Central Government?
Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, if a State fails to comply with the Directives of the Central Government, the President can declare the breakdown of constitutional machinery in the State and assume responsibility for the governance of the State.
- Question 5 of 48
In which State of India, was a non-Congress government formed for the first time?
The Kerala Legislative Assembly election of 1957 was the first assembly election in the Indian state of Kerala. The Communist Party of India won the election with 60 seats. E.M.S. Namboodiripad, Indian communist leader and theorist who served as chief minister of Kerala state from 1957 to 1959.
- Question 6 of 48
The declaration of Constitutional Emergency in an Indian State has to be approved by the Parliament within a period of:
As per article 356, parliamentary approval is necessary for the imposition of the President’s Rule on any state. The proclamation of President’s Rule should be approved in both Houses of Parliament within two months of its issue. The approval is through a simple majority. The President’s Rule is initially for a period of six months. Later, it can be extended for a period of three years with parliamentary approval, every six months.
- Question 7 of 48
Currently, the number of subjects in the Union List of the Indian Constitution is:
Under the Seventh Schedule (Article 246) of the Indian Constitution, there are three lists – Union List, State List and Concurrent List. These Lists specify the divisions of power between the Union and States. The Union List has 100 (it originally had 97) subjects, the State List has 61 (it originally had 66) subjects and the Concurrent List has 52 (it originally had 47) numbered topics.
- Question 8 of 48
How many members of the Rajya Sabha retire from the house every 2 years?
Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and is not subject to dissolution. However, one-third of the members retire every second year, and are replaced by newly elected members.
- Question 9 of 48
Evaluate the following statements:
- The President of India can be impeached by the Indian Parliament.
- The President of India can be removed by the Indian Parliament only with the approval of the Chief Justice of India.
The President may be removed before his tenure through impeachment for violating the Constitution of India by the Parliament of India. The process may begin in either of the two houses of the Parliament. There is no approval of the Chief Justice of India is required.
- Question 10 of 48
Which one of the following fundamental rights is availed to Indian citizens only?
Protection from discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth; Equality of opportunity; fundamental rights of freedom mentioned in article 19; Protection of language, script and culture of minorities; Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions are availed to Indian citizens only.
- Question 11 of 48
When the Indian Constitution came into force, there were:
The original text of the Constitution contained 395 articles in 22 parts and eight schedules. It came into effect on January 26, 1950, the day that India celebrates each year as the Republic Day. The number of articles has since increased to 448 due to 100 amendments.
- Question 12 of 48
The Attorney General of India has the right to audience in:
Article 76 of the constitution mentions that the Attorney General of India is the highest law officer of India. He/She has the right of audience in all Courts in India as well as the right to participate in the proceedings of the Parliament, though not to vote.
- Question 13 of 48
How many times was the term of the Lok Sabha extended up to 6 years?
Only once was the term of the Lok Sabha extended up to 6 years. This can happen in case of a National Emergency. The term of the fifth Lok Sabha was supposed to end on 18 March 1976 but was extended by one year up to 18 March 1977 by the House of the People (Extension of Duration) Act, 1976.
- Question 14 of 48
Where did the practice of “Shadow Cabinet” originate?
The Shadow Cabinet is the team of senior spokespeople chosen by the Leader of the Opposition to mirror the Cabinet in Government. Each member of the shadow cabinet is appointed to lead on a specific policy area for their party and to question and challenge their counterpart in the Cabinet. In this way, the Official Opposition seeks to present itself as an alternative government-in-waiting. The practice of “Shadow Cabinet” was originated in Great Britain.
- Question 15 of 48
Which of the following Articles of the Constitution deals with the Fundamental Duties?
Fundamental duties are defined under Article 51A of the Constitution of India 1949. This article was not included in the Draft Constitution 1948. It was inserted by the Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act 1976.
- Question 16 of 48
In which case did the Supreme Court restore the primacy of the Fundamental Rights over the Directive Principles of State Policy?
In Golaknath vs the State of Punjab 1967 case, the Supreme Court had restored the primacy of the Fundamental Rights over the Directive Principles of State Policy. In this case, the Court ruled that Parliament could not curtail any of the Fundamental Rights in the Constitution.
- Question 17 of 48
Which of the following is not the essential qualification for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court of India?
To become a judge of the Supreme court, an individual should be an Indian citizen. The norms relating to eligibility have been envisaged in Article 124 of the Indian Constitution. In terms of age, a person should not exceed 65 years of age.
- Question 18 of 48
Which was described by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as the ‘heart and soul’ of the Constitution?
Article 32 falls under Part III of the Constitution that includes the fundamental rights of individuals. It is the Right to Constitutional remedies which is considered as ‘the heart and soul of the Constitution’. During the Constituent Assembly debate, Dr. B.R Ambedkar had said that Article 32 is the heart and soul of the Constitution.
- Question 19 of 48
Which is not the concern of the local government?
The local government is responsible for public health, welfare, regulatory functions, public safety, public infrastructure works, and development activities.
- Question 20 of 48
In India, the concept of single citizenship is adopted from:
In India, the concept of single citizenship is adopted from the British constitution. In India, only single citizenship is available to citizens. One cannot be a citizen of the state as well.
- Question 21 of 48
Who had proposed partyless democracy in India?
Jayaprakash Narayan proposed partyless democracy in India. Jayaprakash Narayanan led his socialist group out of the Congress party in 1948 and later merged it with a Gandhian-oriented party to form the People’s Socialist Party.
- Question 22 of 48
What is the maximum strength prescribed for State Legislative Assemblies?
The maximum strength of a State Legislative Assembly must not exceed 500 or its minimum strength fall below 60. However, the size of the Vidhan Sabha can be less than 60 members through an Act of Parliament, such is the case in the states of Goa (40), Sikkim (32) and Mizoram (40).
- Question 23 of 48
In the absence of adequate representation of which community in the Lok Sabha, two members of that community were nominated by the President?
Between 1952 and 2020, two seats were reserved in the Lok Sabha for members of the Anglo-Indian community (Article 334). These two members were nominated by the President of India. In January 2020, the Anglo-Indian reserved seats in the Parliament and State Legislatures of India were discontinued by the 126th Constitutional Amendment Bill of 2019, when enacted as the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act 2019.
- Question 24 of 48
For the election of President of India, a citizen should have completed the age of:
Article 58 of the Indian constitution deals with Qualifications for election as President. For the election of President of India, a citizen should not be less than 35 years of age, and qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha. His term of office is five years, and he is eligible for re-election.
- Question 25 of 48
A member of Parliament will lose his membership of Parliament if he is continuously absent from sessions for:
A member of either House of Parliament will lose his membership of Parliament if he is continuously absent from sessions without permission of the House for 60 days.
- Question 26 of 48
In India the Residuary Powers are vested with:
Residuary Powers are special powers entrusted by the Constitution, to the Union Government. Article 248(2) of the Constitution of India says that the Parliament has powers to make any law with respect to any matter which is not a part of the Concurrent List or State List.
- Question 27 of 48
Judicial review in the Indian Constitution is based on:
Judicial review in the Indian Constitution is based on the principle of rule of law and separation of powers. Judicial review is the process for testing and balancing the separation of powers. There is no explicit provision or procedure in the Indian Constitution for judicial review but the constitution has imposed definite limitations upon each of the organs, the transgression of which would make the law void.
- Question 28 of 48
Which innovative discussion process is introduced by the Indian parliament to the World Parliamentary systems?
Zero Hour is the time when Members of Parliament (MPs) can raise Issues of Urgent Public Importance. It is an Indian parliamentary innovation. Zero Hour denotes the time immediately following the Question Hour in both Houses of Parliament. This is about 12 noon which is why it is called Zero Hour.
- Question 29 of 48
The judges of the Supreme Court retire at the age of:
At present, the retirement age is 65 years for Supreme Court judges and 62 years for high court judges.
- Question 30 of 48
The method of Impeachment of the President of India is adopted from:
Article 61 of the Constitution of India defines the procedure of impeachment of the President of India which has been adopted from the constitution of the U.S.A.
- Question 31 of 48
In the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India, which languages were added subsequently?
The Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India consists of 22 languages: Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu Bodo, Santhali, Maithili and Dogri. Of these languages, 14 were initially included in the Constitution. Sindhi language was added in 1967. Thereafter three more languages viz., Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali were included in 1992. Subsequently Bodo, Dogri, Maithili and Santhali were added in 2004.
- Question 32 of 48
The three-tier Panchayat Raj system in India was proposed by the:
Balwantrai Mehta Committee was the first committee set up in 1957 to look into the problems of democratic decentralization in independent India. The specific recommendations of the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee were: Establishment of a 3-tier Panchayati Raj system – Gram Panchayat at the village level, Panchayat Samiti at the block level, and Zilla Parishad at the district level.
- Question 33 of 48
Under which Article of the Constitution is the President’s Rule introduced in a State due to the failure of the constitutional machinery?
Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, in the event that a state government is unable to function according to Constitutional provisions, the Union government can take direct control of the state machinery.
- Question 34 of 48
The Preamble to our Constitution makes no mention of:
The Preamble to our Constitution makes no mention of the Adult franchise.
- Question 35 of 48
Which one of the following is the popularly elected House of the Indian Parliament?
The Lok Sabha, or House of the People, is the lower house of India’s bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha. All of its members are directly elected by citizens of India on the basis of Universal Adult Franchise.
- Question 36 of 48
Which part of the Constitution deals with the Directive Principles of State Policy?
Part IV (Article 36-51) of the Indian Constitution deals with Directive Principles of our State Policy (DPSP). The provisions contained in this Part cannot be enforced by any court, but these principles are fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.
- Question 37 of 48
The methods of democratic socialism are:
Democratic Socialism aims to gradually and peacefully achieve socialism through established political processes rather than social revolution as advocated by revolutionary socialists.
- Question 38 of 48
Who appoints the Finance Commission?
The Finance Commission is constituted by the President under article 280 of the Constitution, mainly to give its recommendations on the distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves.
- Question 39 of 48
Who was the Chairman of the Constituent Assembly?
The temporary president of the Constituent Assembly was Sachchidananda Sinha while the permanent Chairman of the Assembly was Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
- Question 40 of 48
Which one of the following methods is used to ascertain the public opinion on important legislation?
Referendum and initiative, electoral devices by which voters may express their wishes with regard to government policy or proposed legislation. The initiative allows voters to put a proposed law on the ballot for public approval. The referendum allows citizens to place a recently passed law on the ballot, allowing voters to approve or reject the measure.
- Question 41 of 48
Fundamental Duties were added to the Constitution by:
The Fundamental Duties of citizens were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976, upon the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee that was constituted by the Government.
- Question 42 of 48
The final authority to interpret our Constitution is the:
Supreme Court is the final interpreter, protector and guardian of the Indian Constitution. It is the highest judicial forum and ultimate or final court of appeal under the Constitution of India.
- Question 43 of 48
Compared with Society, the scope of State activity is:
Compared to society, the role of state is much wider and is increasing with parallel complexities of the modern world. The state today has to carry out several functions which were non-existent a century ago.
- Question 44 of 48
The States in India are demanding greater autonomy from the centre in the field of:
States have been demanding greater autonomy in political as well as economic spheres.
- Question 45 of 48
Who is the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of armed forces of the country?
The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces. As in all democracies, the Indian Armed Forces are controlled by the elected political leadership of the Nation – The Government of India.
- Question 46 of 48
The National Development Council includes:
The National Development Council (Rashtriya Vikas Parishad) is the apex body for decision creating and deliberations on development matters in India, presided over by the Prime Minister. The Council comprises the Prime Minister, the Union Cabinet Ministers, Chief Ministers of all States or their substitutes, representatives of the Union Territories and the members of the NITI Aayog.
- Question 47 of 48
A Secular State is one which:
A secular state is one that does not confer any privilege or favour on any particular religion. In a secular state, no one gets punishment or there is no discrimination against people on the basis of religion s/he follows.
- Question 48 of 48
A Presidential Ordinance can remain in force:
Article 123 of the Constitution of India grants the President (on the recommendation of the Union Cabinet) certain law-making powers to promulgate ordinances during the recess of Parliament. These ordinances have the same force and effect as an Act of Parliament but are in the nature of temporary laws. An ordinance must be converted into law within 6 weeks of the commencement of the Parliament session, otherwise, it will lapse. It is compulsory for a session of Parliament to be held within six months (as per Article 85). Therefore, the maximum validity of an ordinance is 6 months and 6 weeks.