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- Geography of India Important Questions
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- Question 1 of 50
Which is the smallest (in area) of the following Union Territories?
Smallest Union Territory: Lakshadweep (32 Sq km).
Largest Union Territory: Andaman and Nicobar Islands (8,249 Sq km).
- Question 2 of 50
The Sundarbans or the ‘Mangrove’ forests are found in:
Sundarbans is a mangrove area in the delta formed by the confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal. It spans from the Hooghly River in India’s state of West Bengal to the Baleswar River in Bangladesh’s division of Khulna.
- Question 3 of 50
On which river has the Hirakud Dam been built?
Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River, Sambalpur in the state of Odisha in India.
- Question 4 of 50
Which among the following integrated iron installation does not come under the management of SAIL (Steel Authority of India Limited)?
Tata Steel Limited is an Indian multinational steel-making company based in Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, and is headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
- Question 5 of 50
The highest multipurpose dam built on the river Ravi is:
The Ranjit Sagar Dam (Thein Dam) is part of a hydroelectric project constructed by the Government of Punjab Punjab Irrigation Department on the Ravi River on the Border of two states of India Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab.
- Question 6 of 50
Which of the following is correctly matched with regard to thermal power projects?
NTPC Kawas is located at Aditya Nagar, Hazira in Surat district in the Indian state of Gujarat. The power plant is the gas-based combined cycle power plants of NTPC. Korba Super Thermal Power Plant is located in Chhattisgarh; Ramagundam in Telangana and Talcher in Odisha.
- Question 7 of 50
Sundarbans of Eastern India is an example of:
The Sundarbans Mangroves ecoregion is the world’s largest mangrove ecosystem.
- Question 8 of 50
Match the dams and the States in which they are situated:
A. Hirakud 1. Chhattisgarh B. Mettur 2. Orissa C. Mahanadi 3. Karnataka D. Almatti 4. Tamil Nadu
A. Hirakud – Mahanadi 2. Orissa B. Mettur – Cauvery 4. Tamil Nadu C. Mahanadi – Mahanadi* 1. Chhattisgarh D. Almatti – Krishna 3. Karnataka
* Mahanadi dam is built across the Mahanadi River. It is the longest dam in Chhattisgarh.
- Question 9 of 50
Which of the following rivers does not originate in Indian territory?
The river originates from the Kailash ranges of the Himalayas at an elevation of 5300 m. After flowing through Tibet it enters India through Arunachal Pradesh.
- Question 10 of 50
Which of the following is not correctly matched with regard to Project Tiger Reserves?
Pench National Park, situated in Seoni and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh in India is one of the most popular national parks in India.
- Question 11 of 50
The longest river of Peninsular India is:
The Godavari is the longest river of peninsular India. And also the largest catchment area river in the Indian Peninsula. The Godavari, also known as ‘Dakshin Ganga’.
- Question 12 of 50
Which from the following territories does not have a border with Mizoram?
Mizoram is a landlocked state in North East India whose southern part shares 722 kilometres long international borders with Myanmar and Bangladesh, and northern part share domestic borders with Manipur, Assam and Tripura.
- Question 13 of 50
Match the Dams and the States in which they are situated:
A. Tungabhadra 1. Kerala B. Lower Bhawani 2. Andhra Pradesh C. Idukki 3. Tamil Nadu D. Nagarjuna Sagar 4. Karnataka
A. Tungabhadra – Tungabhadra River 4. Karnataka B. Lower Bhavani – Bhavani river 3. Tamil Nadu C. Idukki – Periyar River 1. Kerala D. Nagarjuna Sagar – Krishna River 2. Telangana
- Question 14 of 50
Which of the following rivers does not originate in Indian territory?
Ghagra rises as the Karnali River (Chinese: Kongque He) in the high Himalayas of southern Tibet, China, and flows southeast through Nepal.
- Question 15 of 50
Which city in India is the first to use municipal wastes to generate power?
- Question 16 of 50
Which one of the following states produces the maximum manganese in India?
Madhya Pradesh produces the maximum manganese in India. Next in the order of production are Maharashtra and Odisha.
- Question 17 of 50
The first shore-based, modern, integrated steel plant in India is in:
Visakhapatnam Steel Plant fondly called Vizag steel. It is the first shore-based Integrated Steel Plant in India.
- Question 18 of 50
Match the dams and the rivers across which those have been constructed.
A. Ukai 1. Krishna B. Rana Pratap Sagar 2. Ravi C. Thein 3. Chambal D. Nagarjuna Sagar 4. Tapti
A. Ukai – Gujarat 4. Tapti B. Rana Pratap Sagar – Rajasthan 3. Chambal C. Thein (Ranjit Sagar Dam) – Punjab 2. Ravi D. Nagarjuna Sagar – Telangana 1. Krishna
- Question 19 of 50
Gujarat is the largest producer of salt in India because:
The top five salt-producing states in India are Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Gujarat contributes a whopping 76 percent of India’s total salt production because of its arid climate and large land availability.
- Question 20 of 50
Which of the following pairs is wrongly matched?
Sabarigiri Hydro Electric Project (IHEP) is the second-largest hydroelectric project in Kerala (Mudirapuzha River).
- Question 21 of 50
Coastal Andhra Pradesh and Orissa often face natural disasters due to:
Cyclones form due to very low air pressure above the warm tropical waters of an ocean. The Bay of Bengal is prone to cyclones because a lot of typhoons that originate in the southwestern Pacific ocean get carried northwest towards India (Andhra Pradesh and Orissa).
- Question 22 of 50
River Damodar is called ‘Sorrow of Bengal’ because it:
The river Damodar is called the sorrow of Bengal because it brought floods and destruction. The river Hwang Ho was also known as the ‘Sorrow of China’ because it often used to change its course after floods.
- Question 23 of 50
The cost of producing iron in India is considerably lower than in other countries because of:
Most of the iron and steel plants in India are located in the vicinity of coal mines.
- Question 24 of 50
A person wants to visit the national parks in Ranthambore, Gir and Bandipur located in three different States of India. To which one of the following States he need not go in this connection?
Ranthambore National Park is a vast wildlife reserve near the town of Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan. Gir Forest National Park is a wildlife sanctuary in Gujarat. Bandipur National Park is in the southern Indian state of Karnataka.
- Question 25 of 50
Where are the Saltora Ranges located?
The Saltoro Mountains are a subrange of the Karakoram Range. They are located in the southeast Karakoram on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier, one of the two longest glaciers outside the polar regions.
- Question 26 of 50
Sardar Sarovar dam is built on the river:
The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a concrete gravity dam built on the Narmada river in Gujarat. Four Indian states, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan, receive water and electricity supply from the dam.
- Question 27 of 50
The Iron and Steel Industry at which of the following places was developed with German technical collaboration?
Rourkela Steel Plant, in Rourkela, Odisha is the first integrated steel plant in the public sector in India. It was set up with West Germany collaboration in the 1960s. It is operated by Steel Authority of India.
- Question 28 of 50
Which of the following canals is located in West Bengal?
The Eden Canal was built in 1904 from Kanchannagar to Jamalpur and was linked to the Damodar canals. It provides irrigation to 10,000 hectares of land in Barddhaman district of West Bengal.
- Question 29 of 50
Which of the following uplands is not a part of the Telangana Plateau?
The Aravalli Range is a mountain range in Northwestern India, running approximately 670 km in a southwest direction, starting near Delhi, passing through southern Haryana and Rajasthan, and ending in Gujarat.
- Question 30 of 50
Which one of the following shipyards builds warships for Indian Navy?
Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited, formerly called Mazagon Dock Limited, is a shipyard situated in Mazagaon, Bombay. It manufactures warships and submarines for the Indian Navy and offshore platforms and associated support vessels for offshore oil drilling.
- Question 31 of 50
Tehri Dam receives water from which of the following rivers?
The Tehri Dam is the tallest dam in India. It is a multi-purpose rock and earth-fill embankment dam on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand, India.
- Question 32 of 50
Which state is irrigated by Ganga Canal?
The Ganga Canal is a canal system that irrigates the Doab region between the Ganges River and the Yamuna River in India. The canal system irrigates nearly 9,000 km² of fertile agricultural land in ten districts of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
- Question 33 of 50
According to Indus Water Treaty of 1960 which rivers were given to India and Pakistan respectively?
The Indus Waters Treaty is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan, brokered by the World Bank, to use the water available in the Indus River and its tributaries. It was signed in Karachi on 19 September 1960 by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistani President Ayub Khan.
Treaty gives control over the waters of the three “eastern rivers” — the Beas, Ravi and Sutlej — to India, while control over the waters of the three “western rivers” — the Indus, Chenab and Jhelum — to Pakistan.
- Question 34 of 50
Which one of the following is the highest gravity dam in the world?
Bhakra Dam is the highest straight gravity dam in the world. It is the 2nd highest dam in India after the Tehri dam.
- Question 35 of 50
What is the longest irrigation canal in India called?
The Indira Gandhi Canal (Rajasthan Canal) is the longest (649km) canal in India and the largest irrigation project in the world.
- Question 36 of 50
Match the following:
A. Bandipur National Park 1. Gujarat B. Gir National Park 2. Assam C. Manas Sanctuary 3. Himachal Pradesh D. Rohla National Park 4. Kamataka
A. Bandipur National Park 4. Kamataka B. Gir National Park 1. Gujarat C. Manas Sanctuary 2. Assam D. Rohla National Park 3. Himachal Pradesh
- Question 37 of 50
Which one of the following is not a part along the western coast of India?
Tuticorin (Thoothukudi) is a port city of Tamil Nadu. The city lies on the Coromandel (eastern coast) Coast of the Bay of Bengal.
- Question 38 of 50
Which of the following statements is correct?
Koderma is the leading producer of Mica. It is located in Hazaribagh belt of Jharkhand. Earlier it was famous for production of world-class mica and was known as the Mica Capital of India
- Question 39 of 50
Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
The Ukai Dam, constructed across the Tapi River, is the second-largest reservoir in Gujarat after the Sardar Sarovar.
- Question 40 of 50
The famous ‘Gir’ forests are located in:
Gir Forest National Park is a wildlife sanctuary in Gujarat, western India. It was established to protect Asiatic lions, who frequent the fenced-off Devalia Safari Park, along with leopards and antelopes.
- Question 41 of 50
The standard time of India is:
Indian Standard time is the time zone observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
- Question 42 of 50
Which of these harbours is not a natural harbour?
Chennai is the oldest artificial harbour on the East Coast of India. Chennai Port, formerly known as Madras Port, is the second-largest container port of India, behind Mumbai’s Nhava Sheva.
- Question 43 of 50
Jaduguda mines are famous for:
The Jaduguda Mine is a uranium mine in Jaduguda village in the Purbi Singhbhum district of the Indian state of Jharkhand.
- Question 44 of 50
In terms of area, which one of the following Indian States has the largest coverage of forests?
In terms of area, Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover of 77,414 square km in the country, followed by Arunachal Pradesh with 66,964 square km and Chhattisgarh with 55,547 square km.
- Question 45 of 50
Which one of the following hydroelectric projects does not belong to Tamil Nadu?
The Idukki Hydroelectric Project is the biggest hydroelectric project in Kerala. It is built on the Periyar River.
- Question 46 of 50
Which of the following industries are the major beneficiaries of the Mumbai port?
There are more than 8000 registered factories only in the Greater Mumbai, out of which 350 belong to cotton textile. The other industries of the region are engineering goods, chemical industries, food-processing industries, leather goods, pharmaceutical, and film industries.
- Question 47 of 50
West Bengal shares boundaries with how many countries?
West Bengal is bordered by the countries of Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, and the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam.
- Question 48 of 50
Where is Nathpa Jhakri Power Project located?
The Nathpa Jhakri project, which began in 1993, is for a 1,530MW installation on the upper reaches of the river Satluj in the Kinnaur and Shimla districts of Himachal Pradesh.
- Question 49 of 50
Ankleshwar and Kalol are two oil fields in:
Ankleshwar oil field is situated in the Bharuch district and Kalol oil field is in Panchmahal district in Gujarat.
- Question 50 of 50
Match the dams and the rivers across which those have been constructed:
A. Gandhi Sagar 1. Bhagirathi B. Jayakwadi 2. Krishna C. Nagarjuna 3. Godavari D. Tehri 4. Chambal
A. Gandhi Sagar 4. Chambal – Madhya Pradesh B. Jayakwadi 3. Godavari – Maharashtra C. Nagarjuna 2. Krishna – Telangana/Andhra Pradesh D. Tehri 1. Bhagirathi – Uttarakhand