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- Indian Constitution Important Questions
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- Question 1 of 51
What was the basis for constituting the Constituent Assembly of India?
The Constitution of India was drafted by the Constituent Assembly. The Constituent Assembly of India was constituted on the basis of the Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946. The members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the provincial assemblies by a single, transferable-vote system of proportional representation.
- Question 2 of 51
Of the following words in the Preamble of the Constitution of India, which was not inserted through the Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act, 1976?
The 42nd Amendment also amended Preamble and changed the description of India from “sovereign democratic republic” to a “sovereign, socialist secular democratic republic”, and also changed the words “unity of the nation” to “unity and integrity of the nation”.
- Question 3 of 51
Civil equality implies:
Civil equality is elaborated as the grant of equal rights and freedoms to all people and social groups. All people are to be treated equally before the law. Civil liberty comprises the enjoyment of similar civil liberties and civil rights by all the citizens.
- Question 4 of 51
The Preamble of the Indian Constitution is on the basis of the:
The Preamble of the Indian Constitution is primarily based on the ‘Objective Resolution’ written by Jawaharlal Nehru. He introduced his objective resolution on December 13, 1946, later it was accepted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 January 1947. The preamble is taken from the US constitution.
The Indian Preamble borrowed its ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity from the French Constitution.
- Question 5 of 51
According to the UN convention on the rights of the child which among the following is not a right?
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is a legally binding international agreement setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of every child, regardless of their race, religion or abilities. The UNCRC affirms that every child has a right to education.
- Question 6 of 51
Who is empowered to transfer a Judge from one High Court to another High Court?
Article 222 empowers the President to transfer a judge from one high court to another. According to this article, the President may, (on the recommendation of the National Judicial Appointment Commission referred to in article 124A), transfer a Judge from one High Court to any other High Court.
- Question 7 of 51
What is the maximum time interval permitted between two sessions of Parliament?
It is stated in Article 85 of the constitution that there should not be a gap of more than six months between two sessions of Parliament. It also states that the President can summon a session of Parliament.
- Question 8 of 51
The item ‘Education’ belongs to the:
The seventh schedule under Article 246 of the constitution of India deals with the division of powers between the union and the states. It contains three lists: 1. Union List, 2. State List and 3. Concurrent List. The Concurrent List is a list of 52 items. These include education, forest, trade unions, marriage, adoption, and succession. Both, the Central and the state governments can make laws in the Concurrent List.
- Question 9 of 51
What is the maximum number of the elected members in Rajya Sabha?
Article 80 of the Constitution lays down the maximum strength of Rajya Sabha as 250, out of which 12 members are nominated by the President and 238 are representatives of the States and of the Union Territories. These members are elected by indirect election by state and territorial legislatures.
- Question 10 of 51
Who constitutes the Finance Commission after every five years?
The Finance Commission is constituted by the President under article 280 of the Constitution, mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves.
- Question 11 of 51
The joint session of the two Houses of Parliament is convened:
The joint sitting of the Parliament is called by the President of India (Article 108) and is presided over by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha or, in their absence, by the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha, or in their absence, the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. The joint session of the two Houses of Parliament is convened when a bill or taxes passed by one House are rejected by the other House or more than six months have elapsed from the date of receipt of the Bill by the other House without the Bill being passed by it.
- Question 12 of 51
An Ordinary bill passed by the State Assembly can be delayed by the Legislative Council for a maximum period of:
Only the ordinary bill can be instructed in the legislative council. Any ordinary bill which is submitted in the Legislative Assembly will move to the Legislative Council after passage, the Legislative Council then can pass the bill, modify the bill, or can postpone the bill for a maximum period of 4 months.
- Question 13 of 51
The President’s Rule is imposed on a State in India, when:
Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, in the event that a state government is unable to function according to Constitutional provisions, the Union government can take direct control of the state machinery.
- Question 14 of 51
Resources transferred from the Government of India to States are termed ‘Statutory’ if they are made:
Statutory grants-in-aid of the revenues of States are dealt with in Article 275 of the Constitution of India. It is done on the basis of the recommendation of the Finance Commission of India. Resources transferred from the Government of India to States are termed ‘Statutory’ if they are made on the recommendations of the Finance Commission.
- Question 15 of 51
Which of the following states was the first to adopt Panchayati Raj before independence?
The Panchayat Raj system was first adopted by the state of Bihar by the Bihar Panchayat Raj Act of 1947. It was a continued legacy of local self-government started by Lord Ripon in the British era. Rajasthan was the first state to introduce the panchayat system in India after independence. Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru inaugurated the three-tier Panchayati Raj System on 2nd October 1959 in Nagaur district of Rajasthan.
- Question 16 of 51
Indian Parliament can rename or redefine the boundary of a State by:
Article 3 of the Indian Constitution deals with the formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of any of the existing States. Parliament of India can rename or redefine the boundary of a state by simply passing the bill with a simple majority in both the houses of parliament.
- Question 17 of 51
Members of the Union Public Service Commission can be removed by the:
Article 317 of the Indian Constitution deals with the Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission. As per this article, The Chairman or any other member of UPSC shall only be removed from his/her office by order of the President of India on the basis of an inquiry and report by the Supreme Court.
- Question 18 of 51
In the Indian Parliament, a bill may be sent to a select committee:
In the Indian Parliament, a bill may be sent to a select committee at any stage at the discretion of the Speaker. When a Bill comes up before a House for general discussion, it is open to that House to refer it to a Select Committee of the House or a Joint Committee of the two Houses.
- Question 19 of 51
Which is the source of political power in India?
The chief source of political power in India is the People. All political power is vested in and derived from the ‘people’.
- Question 20 of 51
Once elected for a full term, a judge serves on the International Court of Justice for:
The International Court of Justice is composed of 15 judges elected to nine-year terms of office by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council.
- Question 21 of 51
Which of the following sets of Articles deals with ‘Emergency Provisions’?
Articles 352, 356 and 360 of the Constitution of India deals with Emergency Provisions. Article 352 provides the provision of National Emergency. Under Article 356, the Union government can take direct control of the state machinery. Article 360 has provisions of financial emergency.
- Question 22 of 51
The salaries and allowances payable to the Members of the Parliament are decided by the:
Article 106 of the Constitution empowers the members of parliament to determine their salaries and allowances by enacting laws. The article provides that the members of either House of Parliament shall be entitled to receive such salaries and allowances as may from time to time be determined by Parliament by law.
- Question 23 of 51
Through which article of the Constitution of India, special status was given to the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir?
On 5 August 2019, the Government of India revoked the special constitutional status of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Constitution.
- Question 24 of 51
The authority to prorogue the two Houses of the Parliament rests with the:
The President of India has the power to summon and prorogue either of the two Houses of Parliament or to dissolve the Lok Sabha.
- Question 25 of 51
Which of the following Indian States first adopted the 3-tier Panchayati Raj system?
Rajasthan was the first state of India to adopt the 3-tier Panchayati Raj system. Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru inaugurated three Tier Panchayati Raj Systems on 2nd October 1959 in Nagaur district of Rajasthan.
- Question 26 of 51
Where is the objective of ‘Social Justice’ articulated in the Constitution of India?
Social justice is mentioned in the Preamble of the Constitution — “We the People of India… to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and political…”.
- Question 27 of 51
During an emergency, imposed under Article 352, which of the following Constitutional provisions stands suspended?
According to Article 358, when a proclamation of National Emergency (Article 352) is made, the six fundamental rights under article 19 are automatically suspended. Article 19 is automatically revived after the expiry of the emergency.
- Question 28 of 51
What is the age up to which children are prohibited from employment in any factory/mine/hazardous work?
According to Article 24 of the Constitution of India, no child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed in work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.
- Question 29 of 51
Where is the Constitutional power located enabling the Central Government to legislate on cow slaughter?
Article 48 of the Constitution of India is one of the Directive Principles which directs the state to make efforts for banning animal slaughtering of cows and calves and other milch and draught cattle.
- Question 30 of 51
What Constitutional provision enables the Central Government to provide reservations in jobs and educational institutions for the weaker sections of the society?
Though Article 16 prohibits discrimination in public employment on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, it allows the state to make provisions for reservation for weaker sections of society, if in the opinion of the state they are not adequately represented.
- Question 31 of 51
If the Election Commission is satisfied that a candidate has failed to lodge an account of election expenses, what is the period for which the he can disqualify him to be a member or from continuing to be a member of the elected office?
If the Election Commission is satisfied that a person:
(a) has failed to lodge an account of election expenses, within the time and in the manner required by or under this Act; and
(b) has no good reason or justification for the failure,
the Election Commission shall, by order published in the Official Gazette, declare him to be disqualified and any such person shall be disqualified for a period of three years from the date of the order.
- Question 32 of 51
What provision in the Constitution enabled the Central Government to impose the Goods and Services Tax (GST)?
Article 246 of the Indian Constitution, distributes legislative powers including taxation, between the Parliament of India and the State Legislatures.
- Question 33 of 51
Which one of the following is a political right?
Political rights include natural justice (procedural fairness) in law, such as the rights of the accused including the right to equality before the law; and rights of participation in civil society and politics such as freedom of association, the right to assemble, the right to petition, the right of self-defense, and the right to vote. Right to contest an election is a statutory right and not a fundamental or political right.
- Question 34 of 51
The main function of the judiciary is:
The main function of the Judiciary is to adjudicate and interpret Acts of Parliament and the common law. Additionally, the Judiciary has the power to issue out orders or directives as may be necessary to ensure law, peace and order is maintained. The Judiciary is also responsible for upholding the rule of law and the administration of estates.
- Question 35 of 51
The salaries and emoluments of the judges of the Supreme Court are charged on:
Article 101 deals with the remuneration of Judges of the Supreme Court. It states that the salaries payable to the Judges of the Supreme Court under this Constitution shall be charged on and paid out of the Consolidated Fund.
- Question 36 of 51
Article 14 of the Indian Constitution guarantees Indian citizens:
Articles 14, 15 and 16 of the Constitution of India form part of a scheme of the Constitutional Right to Equality. According to Article 14: “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.”
- Question 37 of 51
Article 19 of the Indian Constitution provides:
Article 19 of the Indian constitution mentions six freedoms that are available to the citizens of India: 1. Freedom of speech and expression, 2. Freedom to assemble peacefully and without arms, 3. Freedom to form Associations and Unions, 4. Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India, 5. Freedom to reside and settle in any part of India, 6. Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
- Question 38 of 51
Fundamental Rights in India are guaranteed by it through:
The Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32) is considered to be the most important fundamental right because it ensures the protection of our fundamental rights. Article 32 is known as the “spirit of the constitution and exceptionally heart of it” by Dr. Ambedkar.
- Question 39 of 51
Of the various grounds below, which is the one criterion on which discrimination by the State is not prohibited in Article 15 of the Constitution?
Articles 14, 15 and 16 of the Constitution of India are the part of Constitutional Right to Equality. Article 15 secures the citizens from every sort of discrimination by the State, on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth or any of them.
- Question 40 of 51
Judges of the Supreme Court and High Court can be removed by:
A Judge of the Supreme Court can be removed from office by an order of the President passed after each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of members present and voting.
- Question 41 of 51
On what basis has representation been accorded to the State in Rajya Sabha?
The allocation of seats is made on the basis of the population of each State.
- Question 42 of 51
Which of the following “writs” of the High Court or the Supreme Court is sought to produce in the court a person, suspected to be missing/in custody?
Habeas corpus is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court, to determine whether the detention is lawful.
- Question 43 of 51
Who is competent to dissolve the Parliament?
The President summons both the Houses (the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha) of the Parliament and prorogues them. They also have the power to dissolve the Lok Sabha pursuant to Article 85(2).
- Question 44 of 51
Who is “Amicus Curiae”?
Amicus Curiae is a legal Latin phrase, literally translated as a friend of the court, that refers to someone, not a party to a case, who volunteers to offer information on a point of law or some other aspect of the case to assist the court in deciding a matter before it.
- Question 45 of 51
In order to be recognised as an official opposition group in the Parliament, how many seats should it have?
In order to get formal recognition in either upper or lower houses, the concerned party (not an alliance) must have at least 10% (1/10th) of the total strength of the house.
- Question 46 of 51
What does the “Judicial Review” function of the Supreme Court mean?
Judicial review is the power of the courts of a country to examine the actions of the legislative, executive, and administrative arms of the government and to determine whether such actions are consistent with the constitution.
- Question 47 of 51
The Indian Constitution recognises minorities on the basis of:
The Constitution of India recognises minorities on the basis of religion and language. Both Articles 29 and 30 guarantee certain rights to the minorities. Article 29 grants protection to both religious minorities as well as linguistic minorities. As per Articles 30, all minorities shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
- Question 48 of 51
When was ‘Zero Hour’ introduced in parliamentary affairs in India?
Zero Hour is an Indian innovation in the field of parliamentary procedures and has been in existence since 1962. It starts immediately after the question hour. This is about 12 noon which is why it is called Zero Hour. During this hour members can raise issues of national and international importance.
- Question 49 of 51
A vote-on-account, as defined by Article 116 of the Indian Constitution, is a grant in advance for the central government to meet short-term expenditure needs from the Consolidated Fund of India, generally lasting for a few months till the financial year kicks in.
- Question 50 of 51
By which process the provisions of Article 370 of the Constitution of India were revoked?
On 5 August 2019, the government of India revoked the special constitutional status of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Constitution of India. This article was a ‘temporary provision’. Article 370(3) gives the president of India the power to amend or repeal article 370 itself through a public notification.
- Question 51 of 51
Who among the following is capable of dissolving Rajya Sabha?
Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and is not subject to dissolution. However, one-third of the members retire every second year, and are replaced by newly elected members. Each member is elected for a term of six years. The Vice President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha.