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- Question 1 of 49
The first to come and last to leave India were:
The Portuguese were the first European who discovered the sea route to India. They encounter the Indian Sub-continent after Vasco da Gama reached Calicut on Malabar Coast in 1498 AD. The last European ruler to leave India in 1961 was the Portuguese. On 19 December 1961, the Indian Army liberated Goa, Daman, and Diu from the Portuguese occupation and joined India.
- Question 2 of 49
The administrative consequence of the Revolt of 1857 was transfer of power from:
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful. Major Changes Introduced by the British after the 1857 Revolt: The British Parliament passed a new Act in 1858 and transferred the powers of the East India Company to the British Crown (royal family).
- Question 3 of 49
The issue on which the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930 was launched was:
The Salt March (Dandi March) was an act of nonviolent Civil Disobedience Movement in colonial India led by Mahatma Gandhi. The twenty-four-day march lasted from 12 March 1930 to 5 April 1930 as a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly.
- Question 4 of 49
Indian Penal Code came into operation in:
The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India. The code was drafted on the recommendations of the first law commission of India under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay. It came into force in British India during the early British Period in 1862.
- Question 5 of 49
The split between the ‘Extremists’ and ‘Moderates’ came up in the open at the Surat Congress Session in the year:
The Surat Split was the splitting of the Indian National Congress into two groups – the Extremists and the Moderates – at the Surat session in 1907.
- Question 6 of 49
Bhulabhai Desai’s most memorable achievement was his defence of the Indian National Army (I.N.A.) personnel at the Red Fort Trial towards the end of:
When three captured Indian National Army (INA) officers, Shahnawaz Khan, Prem Kumar Sahgal and Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon were put on trial for treason, the Congress formed a Defence committee composed of 17 advocates including Bhulabhai Desai. The INA trials began at the Red Fort in November 1945.
- Question 7 of 49
The First Viceroy of the Portuguese in the East was:
On 25 March 1505, Francisco de Almeida was appointed Viceroy of India, on the condition that he would set up four forts on the southwestern Indian coast: at Anjediva Island, Cannanore, Cochin and Quilon.
- Question 8 of 49
When was the All India Women’s Conference founded?
The All India Women’s Conference is a non-governmental organisation based in Delhi. It was founded in 1927 by Margaret Cousins in order to improve educational efforts for women and children and has expanded its scope to also tackle other women’s rights issues.
- Question 9 of 49
The Kuka movement started in mid-Nineteenth century in:
The Kuka Movement marked the first major reaction of the people in Western Punjab to the new political order initiated by the British after 1849. The Namdhari Movement, of which the Kuka Movement was the most important phase, aimed at overthrowing the British rule.
- Question 10 of 49
Mahatma Gandhi’s remark, “A post-dated cheque on a crumbling bank” is regarding the proposals of:
Gandhi said that Cripps’ offer of Dominion Status after the war was a “post-dated cheque drawn on a failing bank”.
- Question 11 of 49
Under whose leadership was the Congress Socialist Party founded in 1934?
JP Narayan convened a meeting in Patna on 17 May 1934, which founded the Bihar Congress Socialist Party. He was a Gandhian Socialist. Narayan became general secretary of the party and Acharya Narendra Deva became president.
- Question 12 of 49
When did the British make English the medium of instruction in India?
The English Education Act 1835 was the Council of India’s statutory act, which gave effect to a decision by Lord William Bentinck, then Governor-General of the British East India Company, in 1835, to reallocate funds that the British Parliament needed to spend on education and literature in India.
- Question 13 of 49
During whose Viceroyship did the High Courts come into existence at the three presidential cities of Calcutta, Madras and Bombay?
The Indian High Courts Act 1861 was an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom to authorize the Crown to create High Courts in the Indian colony. Queen Victoria created the High Courts in Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay by Letters Patent in 1862. John Laird Mair Lawrence, 1st Baron Lawrence, between 1858 and 1869, became a prominent British Imperial statesman who served as Viceroy of India from 1864 to 1869.
- Question 14 of 49
Who was popularly known as ‘Nana Saheb’?
Shrimant Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao Bhat, also known as Nana Saheb, was the 8th Peshwa of the Maratha Empire in India.
- Question 15 of 49
In which session of the Indian National Congress did the historic union of Congress and Muslim League take place?
The Lucknow Pact was an agreement reached between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League (AIMLM) at a joint session of both the parties held in Lucknow in December 1916.
- Question 16 of 49
Who attended the Imperial Durbar of 1877 dressed in hands-pun Khadi?
Ganesh Vasudev Joshi attended the Imperial Durbar of 1877 dressed in hands-pun Khadi. The Delhi Durbar was an Indian imperial-style mass assembly organized by the British at Coronation Park, Delhi, India, to mark the succession of an Emperor or Empress of India. Also known as the Imperial Durbar, it was held three times, in 1877, 1903, and 1911, at the height of the British Empire.
- Question 17 of 49
Who among the following were members of the Swaraj Party?
- Motilal Nehru
- Sardar Patel
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale
In December 1922, Chittaranjan Das, Narasimha Chintaman Kelkar and Motilal Nehru formed the Congress-Khilafat Swarajaya Party with Das as the president and Nehru as one of the secretaries.
- Question 18 of 49
The British introduced the railways in India in order to:
The British introduced the railways in India in order to facilitate British commerce and administrative control. They introduced the railway to ease their own transportation and faster supply of raw materials.
- Question 19 of 49
According to Dadabhai Naoroji ‘Swaraj’ meant:
The demand for Swaraj was first raised by Dadabhai Naoroji in the Calcutta Session of India National Congress in 1906. According to him, ‘Swaraj’ means self Government.
- Question 20 of 49
Which religious reformer of Western India was known as ‘Lokhitwadi’?
Gopal Hari Desmukh, popularly known as “Lokahitawadi”, was a product of Western learning in India. He was a judge and a member of the Governor-General’s Council in 1880.
- Question 21 of 49
Who was the first Governor-General of Bengal?
The first governor-general in India (of Bengal) was Warren Hastings, the first official governor-general of British India was Lord William Bentinck, and the first governor-general of the Dominion of India was Lord Mountbatten.
- Question 22 of 49
The Quit India Movement was launched in 1942 in the month of:
The Quit India Movement, also known as the August Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British rule in India.
- Question 23 of 49
The pledge for “Poorna Swaraj” was taken at the Congress Session of:
The Indian National Congress, on 19 December 1929, passed the historic ‘Purna Swaraj’ (total independence) resolution at its Lahore session. A public declaration was made on 26 January 1930 – a day which the Congress Party urged Indians to celebrate as Independence Day.
- Question 24 of 49
Which Governor General is associated with Doctrine of Lapse?
The doctrine of lapse was a policy of annexation initiated by the East India Company in the Indian subcontinent in relation to the princely states, and applied until 1859, two years after Company rule was succeeded by the British Raj. The Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie.
- Question 25 of 49
India attained ‘Dominion Status’ on:
The Union of India, also called the Dominion of India (Bharatiya Adhirajya), was an independent dominion in the British Commonwealth of Nations between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950. India attained “Dominion Status” on 15 Aug 1947 by the Mountbatten plan.
- Question 26 of 49
Who among the following was the first to sign the ‘Instruments of Accession’?
The Instrument of Accession was a legal document first introduced by the Government of India Act 1935 and used in 1947 to enable each of the rulers of the princely states under British paramountcy to join one of the new dominions of India or Pakistan created by the Partition of British India. PGN Unnithan, the then Diwan of Travancore was the first to sign the ‘Instruments of Accession’.
- Question 27 of 49
The decline of Indian Handicrafts Industry in the 19th century was attributed to:
All of the given answers choices are responsible for the decline of the Indian Handicrafts Industry in the 19th century.
- Question 28 of 49
Why was the Simon Commission boycotted by the Indians?
- Question 29 of 49
English education was introduced in India by:
- Question 30 of 49
Which of the following was the important French possession in India?
Pondicherry was an important French possession in India. The French East India Company acquire Pondicherry from the Sultan of Bijapur.
- Question 31 of 49
As per provisions of the Charter Act of 1833, a Law Commission (for consolidating, codifying and improving Indian laws) was constituted under the Chairmanship of:
The first such Commission was established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay which recommended codification of the Penal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and a few other matters.
- Question 32 of 49
According to Gandhiji, which of the following are the major means of Satyagraha?
- Civil disobedience
Satyagraha concept was introduced in the early 20th century by Mahatma Gandhi to designate a determined but nonviolent resistance to evil. According to Gandhiji, Non-cooperation and Civil disobedience are the major means of Satyagraha.
- Question 33 of 49
The headquarters of the Ghadar Party was at:
The Ghadar Party, initially the Pacific Coast Hindustan Association, was formed in 1913 in San Francisco, California (United States) under the leadership of Har Dayal, with Sohan Singh Bhakna as its president.
- Question 34 of 49
Hardayal, an intellectual giant, was associated with:
Lala Hardayal was a revolutionary attached to Gadar Movement in San Francisco. He inspired many Indians living in the US and Canada to fight against British imperialism.
- Question 35 of 49
The song ‘Jana-Gana-Mana’ composed by Rabindra Nath Tagore was first published in January 1912 under the title of:
The national anthem of india “Jana Gana Mana” was first published under the title “Bharat Vidhata” in Tattva Bodhini Patrika in January 1912.
- Question 36 of 49
On imprisonment in 1908 by the British, Bal Gangadhar Tilak was sent to:
Tilak was charged with the seditious writings. He was sentenced to a jail term from 1908 to 1914 in Mandalay in Burma.
- Question 37 of 49
At which place in Bengal was the East India Company given permission to trade and build a factory by the Mughals in 1651?
The first factory in Bengal was established in 1651 at Hughli. This was followed by other factories at Patna and Qasim Bazar.
- Question 38 of 49
The System of Dyarchy was introduced in India in:
Dyarchy system of double government was introduced by the Government of India Act (1919) for the provinces of British India. It marked the first introduction of the democratic principle into the executive branch of the British administration of India.
- Question 39 of 49
Who of the following attended all the Three Round Table Conferences?
Three Round table Conferences were held in London in 1930,1931,1932. B.R. Ambedkar and Tej Bahadur Sapru had attended all the Three Round Table Conferences. Gandhi Ji attended second Round table Conferences.
- Question 40 of 49
The Drafting of the Constitution was completed on:
On 29 August 1947, the Constituent Assembly set up a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar to prepare a Draft Constitution for India. The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950.
- Question 41 of 49
Who was the President of the Constituent Assembly?
A constituent assembly was an assembly of popularly elected representatives which was assembled for the purpose of drafting or adopting a constitution. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the President of the Constituent Assembly.
- Question 42 of 49
Which of the following European power from whom Shivaji obtained cannons and ammunition?
Shivaji obtained cannons and ammunition from the Portuguese. He used these cannons and ammunition to attack the English.
- Question 43 of 49
Simon Commission was boycotted by the nationalist leaders of India because:
- Question 44 of 49
Who among the following British persons admitted the Revolt of 1857 as a national revolt?
British member of Parliament (House of Commons) Benziman Disraeli admitted the revolt of 1857 as a National Revolt.
- Question 45 of 49
The Governor-General who abolished the practice of Sati was:
The Bengal Sati Regulation which banned the Sati practice in all jurisdictions of British India was passed on 4 December 1829 by the then Governor-General Lord William Bentinck.
- Question 46 of 49
In which year did Gandhiji start Satyagraha Movement?
The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was the first Satyagraha movement led by Gandhi in India. It was a farmer’s uprising that took place in Champaran district of Bihar.
- Question 47 of 49
Where was the Royal Durbar held on November 1st, 1858 to issue the Queen’s proclamation?
On November 1, 1858, a grand Darbar was held at Allahabad. Here Lord Canning sent forth the royal proclamation which announced that the queen had assumed the government of India. This proclamation declared the future policy of the British Rule in India.
- Question 48 of 49
The communal electorate was introduced for the first time in India in:
Indian Council Act of 1909 is also known as Morley- Minto Reform. It was instituted to placate the Moderates (Congress) and introduces separate electorates on the basis of religion. Therefore, Lord Minto came to be known as Father of Communal Electorate in India.
- Question 49 of 49
The two states which had non-Congress Ministries in 1937 were:
The two states which had non-Congress Ministries in 1937 were Bengal and Punjab. In Bengal, Muslim league and Krishak Praja party made the government and in Punjab, the government was made by the Unionists and Muslim league after the elections.