Modern History Quiz 2
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- Question 1 of 50
The Indian Universities were first founded in the time of:
Indian Universities were first founded during the period of Lord Canning. The University of Calcutta is the oldest of the modern universities in India. It was founded in 1857 during the administration of Lord canning (1856-1862).
- Question 2 of 50
Which of the following events made the English East India Company the legitimate masters of the Bengal Suba?
The Battle of Buxar was fought on 22-23 October 1764, between the forces under the command of the British East India Company, led by Hector Munro, and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, Nawab of Bengal till 1764; the Nawab of Awadh Shuja-ud-Daula; and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II. The battle resulted in the 1765 Treaty of Allahabad, in which the Mughal Emperor surrendered sovereignty of Bengal to the British.
- Question 3 of 50
Apart from the Quit India Movement which started on 9th August 1942, what other sensational activity of the freedom fighters was done on 9th August?
Kakori Train Robbery took place at Kakori, a village near Lucknow, on 9 August 1925. The robbery was organised by Hindustan Republican Association.
- Question 4 of 50
The Ahmedabad Satyagraha of Gandhi was directed against:
The Ahmedabad Satyagraha of Gandhi was the second Satyagraha movement after the Champaran Satyagraha aimed to support the cotton mill workers.
- Question 5 of 50
The 19th Century reawakening in India was confined to the:
The 19th Century reawakening in India was confined to the upper-middle class.
- Question 6 of 50
Who was the architect of North and South Blocks of the Central Secretariat in Delhi?
The Secretariat Building was designed by the prominent British architect Herbert Baker in Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture. Sir Herbert Baker was a major designer of some of New Delhi’s most notable government structures.
- Question 7 of 50
The ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ was first applied to the Princely State of:
Satara was the first princely state where doctrine of Lapse applied. The Doctrine of lapse theory was introduced by Lord Dalhousie. This was an annexation policy extensively applied by the East India Company in India until 1859. According to this doctrine, if any Indian ruler dies without leaving a male heir, his kingdom would automatically pass over to the British.
- Question 8 of 50
Who was the National leader who wrote History of India on the walls of the Andaman Cellular Jail?
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian politician, activist, and writer. He was a leading figure in the Indian independence movement and the Hindu Mahasabha. He wrote History of India in the Marathi language on the walls of the Andaman Cellular Jail.
- Question 9 of 50
The former princely state Nahan is part of which State now?
Nahan is a town in Himachal Pradesh and is the headquarters of the Sirmaur District. It was the capital of the former Sirmur princely state.
- Question 10 of 50
Lahore was Ranjeet Singh’s Political Capital. Which city was called his Religious Capital?
Amritsar was his religious capital of Ranjeet Singh. Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire, which ruled the northwest Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century.
- Question 11 of 50
Who issued firman granting Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the English?
The Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II granted the Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the East India Company in 1765. Based on the terms of the agreement, Alam granted the East India Company Diwani rights, or the right to collect taxes on behalf of the Emperor.
- Question 12 of 50
Which one of the following Acts introduced communal electorate in India?
Indian Council Act of 1909 is also known as Morley-Minto Reform. It was instituted to placate the Moderates (Congress) and introduces separate electorates on the basis of religion. Therefore, Lord Minto came to be known as Father of Communal Electorate in India.
- Question 13 of 50
Which one of the statements given below is/are correct?
- The East India Company for the first time through the Charter Act of 1813, adopted a provision to spend one lakh rupees per annum for the spread of education in India.
- The Wood’s Dispatch of 1854 recommended the establishment of one university each in Calcutta, Bombay and Madras on the model of the London University.
Charter Act 1813 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which renewed the charter issued to the British East India Company, and continued the Company’s rule in India. This Act was a provision that Company should invest Rs. 1 Lakh every year on the education of Indians. Wood’s Despatch of 1854 is called the Magna Carta of English Education in India. In accordance with Wood’s despatch, universities were opened at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras.
- Question 14 of 50
Who founded the Fort William College at Calcutta?
Fort William College was an academy of oriental studies and a centre of learning, founded on 10 July 1800 by Lord Wellesley, then Governor-General of British India, located in Calcutta.
- Question 15 of 50
Where was the first Peasant Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi?
The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was the first Satyagraha movement led by Gandhi in India. It was a farmer’s uprising that took place in Champaran district of Bihar, during the British colonial period.
- Question 16 of 50
Who of the following was a founder of the Punjab Naujawan Bharat Sabha in 1926?
Sardar Bhagat Singh was a founder of the Punjab Naujawan Bharat Sabha in 1926. It was an association that sought to foment revolution against the British Raj by gathering together worker and peasant youths.
- Question 17 of 50
Which of the following statements given below are correct?
- The Indian National Congress was formed during the Viceroyalty of Lord Dufferin.
- The first President of Indian National Congress was Woomesh Chandra Banerji.
- The first session of the Indian National Congress was held in Calcutta.
- In the first session of the Indian National Congress, some government officials were also present.
Lord Dufferin’s tenure was from 1884 to 1888. During his tenure, the Indian National Congress was founded in December 1885. Indian National Congress conducted its first session in Bombay from 28 to 31 December 1885 at the initiative of retired Civil Service officer Allan Octavian Hume. Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee became its first president. In the first session of the Indian National Congress, some government officials were also present.
- Question 18 of 50
Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
Subsidiary Alliance was framed by Lord Wellesley, the Governor-General of India from 1798 to 1805. The Permanent Settlement of Bengal was brought into effect by the East India Company headed by Governor-General Lord Cornwallis in 1793. Doctrine of lapse formula devised by Lord Dalhousie, governor-general of India (1848–56). The first Partition of Bengal was Announced on 19 July 1905 by Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India.
- Question 19 of 50
Match the following:
A. Lucknow 1. Maulavi Ahmadullah B. Kanpur 2. Kunwar Singh C. Bihar 3. Nana Sahib D. Rohilkhand 4. Beghum Hazrat Mahal
Correct Match is as follows:
Place of 1857 Revolt Leader of Revolt A. Lucknow 4. Begum Hazrat Mahal B. Kanpur 3. Nana Sahib C. Bihar 2. Kunwar Singh D. Rohilkhand 1. Maulavi Ahmadullah
- Question 20 of 50
Disciples of which one of the leaders in Bengal during the Indian freedom struggle were called Young Bengal?
The Young Bengal was a group of Bengali free thinkers emerging from Hindu College, Calcutta. They were also known as Derozians, after their firebrand teacher at Hindu College, Henry Louis Vivian Derozio.
- Question 21 of 50
Who among the following leaders was instrumental in the formation of the Congress Socialist Party?
The Congress Socialist Party was a socialist group within the Indian National Congress (INC). It was founded in 1934 by socialists such as Acharya Narendra Dev, Jayaprakash Narayan, Ram Manohar Lohia and Minoo Masani.
- Question 22 of 50
Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the below?
- Bardoli Satyagraha
- Champaran Satyagraha
- Rowlatt Satyagraha
Champaran Satyagraha (1917, first Satyagraha movement led by Gandhi)
Rowlatt Satyagraha (was in response to Rowlatt Act of 1919)
Bardoli Satyagraha (1928, Sardar Vallabh Bhi Patel led the Bardoli Satyagraha.)
- Question 23 of 50
Who was the Governor-General of India during the Revolt of 1857?
Charles John Canning was the governor-general of India during the Revolt of 1857.
- Question 24 of 50
Which of the statements given below is/are correct?
- Consequent to the recommendations of the Simon Commission, Three Round Table Conferences were held in Simla, Delhi and Calcutta.
- The Government of India Act, 1935 contained support towards self-government which was first proposed in the Montagu-Chelmsford Report.
The three Round Table Conferences of 1930–1932 were a series of peace conferences organized by the British Government and Indian political personalities to discuss constitutional reforms (on recommendations of the Simon Commission) in India. Three Round Table Conferences were held in London.
- Question 25 of 50
Which one among the following newspapers was published first?
Hicky’s Bengal Gazette was the first English-language newspaper published on the Indian subcontinent. It was founded in Calcutta, capital of British India at the time, by Irishman James Augustus Hicky in 1779.
- Question 26 of 50
Who was the first Indian native ruler to accept the system of Subsidiary Alliance?
The Nizam of Hyderabad was the first to accept a well-framed subsidiary alliance in 1798.
- Question 27 of 50
Which one of the following was not a demand of the Early Congress (1885–1905)?
There is a theory that AO Hume formed the Congress with the idea that it would prove to be a ‘safety valve’ for releasing the growing discontent of the Indians. Complete Independence was not a demand of the Early Congress (1885–1905).
- Question 28 of 50
Who among the following national leaders did not opt to defend the case dealing with the trial of the soldiers of the Indian National Army in 1945?
A committee declared the formation of the Congress’ defence team for the soldiers of the Indian National Army and included famous lawyers of the time, including Bhulabhai Desai, Asaf Ali, Jawaharlal Nehru, Tej Bahadur Sapru, Kailash Nath Katju and Lt. Col Horilal Varma Bar at Law.
- Question 29 of 50
Aruna Asaf Ali was associated with which one of the following?
Aruna Asaf Ali was an active participant in the Indian independence movement, she is widely remembered for hoisting the Indian National flag at the Gowalia Tank Maidan, Bombay during a Quit India Movement in 1942.
- Question 30 of 50
Who was the Viceroy of India during the launch of Civil Disobedience Movement?
On March 12, 1930, Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi begins a defiant march to the sea in protest of the British monopoly on salt, his boldest act of civil disobedience yet against British rule in India. Lord Irwin was the Viceroy of India during Civil Disobedience Movement.
- Question 31 of 50
With reference to the Indian Freedom struggle, which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the given events?
Partition of Bengal (1905) – Surat split of Congress (1907) – Lucknow Pact (1916).
- Question 32 of 50
Due to the leadership and success in which one of the following did Vallabhbhai Patel get the title of ‘Sardar’?
The Bardoli Satyagraha took place in Gujarat in the year 1928. This was the period during the British rule and was considered a major part of the Civil Disobedience Movement. Vallabhbhai Patel eventually led this Satyagraha and its success gave him the title ‘Sardar’.
- Question 33 of 50
Who of the following started Swaraj Party?
The Swaraj Party was established as the Congress-Khilafat Swaraj Party. It was a political party formed in 1923 after the Gaya annual conference in December 1922 of the National Congress. C.R. Das and Motilal Nehru were the founders of the Swaraj Party.
- Question 34 of 50
Who of the following was associated with the August Offer?
The August Offer was made by Viceroy Linlithgow in 1940 promising the expansion of the Executive Council of the Viceroy of India to include more Indians, the establishment of an advisory war council, giving full weight to minority opinion, and the recognition of Indians’ right to frame their own constitution.
- Question 35 of 50
Which one among the following was fought earliest?
Battle of Ambur — 1749
Battle of Buxar — 1764
Battle of Plassey — 1757
Battle of Wandiwash — 1760
- Question 36 of 50
Other than Annie Besant, who among the following also launched a Home Rule Movement in India?
Home Rule League, either of two short-lived organizations of the same name in India established in April and September 1916, respectively, by Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak and British social reformer and Indian independence leader Annie Besant.
- Question 37 of 50
Who prescribed the separate electorates for India on the basis of the Communal Award in August 1932?
The Communal Award, announced by Ramsay MacDonald on 16 August 1932, ensured the retention of separate electorates for Muslims, Sikhs and Europeans.
- Question 38 of 50
Which one of the following movements started from Dandi?
Dandi March or Salt Satyagraha, major nonviolent protest action in India led by Mahatma Gandhi in March–April 1930. Based on Gandhi’s principle of non-violence or Satyagraha, the march marked the inauguration of the civil disobedience movement.
- Question 39 of 50
Which one of the statements given below is/are correct?
- Panchsheel was signed between the People’s Republic of China and India after the Sino-Indian War in 1962.
- India and China supporting each other in international forums are one of the principles of Panchsheel.
The Panchsheel, or Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, was first officially signed on April 29 1954 between India and the Tibet region of China. The agreement was signed between Jawaharlal Nehru, then Prime Minister, and the first Chinese Prime Minister, Chou En-Lai. The Five Principles are: mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful co-existence.
- Question 40 of 50
Who among the following annulled the Partition of Bengal?
Lord Hardinge held a durbar in December 1911 to celebrate the coronation of King George V. Here, the partition of Bengal was cancelled and the capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.
- Question 41 of 50
Who was the first Foreign Minister of free India?
India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, also held the foreign minister post throughout his tenure. He remains the country’s longest-serving foreign minister.
- Question 42 of 50
Who among the following established Fergusson College at Pune in the Year 1885?
The Deccan Education Society (DES) was established in October 1884, and with a span of just a few months, it founded the Fergusson College in January 1885.
- Question 43 of 50
By virtue of which Act, dyarchy was introduced in India?
Dyarchy is a system of double government introduced by the Government of India Act (1919) for the provinces of British India.
- Question 44 of 50
Who among the following first imparted a mass character to the Indian National Congress?
Mahatma Gandhi first imparted a mass character to the Indian National Congress.
- Question 45 of 50
Match the following:
A. Ryotwari Settlement 1. Singapore B. Formation of Azad Hind Fauj 2. Allahabad C. All party conference resolution to boycott school, college and law court in 1920. 3. North-western frontier province D. Referendum held for provinces to join Pakistan. 4. Madras and Bombay presidency
The correct match is as follows:
A. Ryotwari Settlement 4. Madras and Bombay presidency B. Formation of Azad Hind Fauj 1. Singapore C. All party conference resolution to boycott school, college and law court in 1920. 2. Allahabad D. Referendum held for provinces to join Pakistan. 3. North-western frontier province
- Question 46 of 50
Who among the following was not associated with the Lahore conspiracy case?
Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru were associated with the Lahore conspiracy case.
- Question 47 of 50
Who among the following had repealed the Vernacular Press Act?
Lord Ripon repealed the vernacular press act. The Vernacular press act forbade Vernacular papers to publish any material that might excite feelings of dissatisfaction against the British government.
- Question 48 of 50
What is the correct sequence of the following?
- Wavell Plan
- Radcliffe Award
- Cripps Mission
- Cabinet Mission
The correct sequence is as follows:
Cripps Mission — 1942
Wavell Plan — 1945
Cabinet Mission — 1946
Radcliffe Award — 1947
- Question 49 of 50
Who among the following first used the word ‘Swarajya’?
The word Swaraj was first of all used by Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Lokmanya Tilak’s slogan “Swaraj is my birth right and I shall have it…” caught the imagination of a country fighting to free itself from colonial rule.
- Question 50 of 50
In the Lucknow Pact in 1916 the Indian National Congress:
The Lucknow Pact was an agreement reached between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League (AIMLM) at a joint session of both the parties held in Lucknow in December 1916. Through the pact, the two parties agreed to allow representation to religious minorities in the provincial legislatures.