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- Indian Constitution Important Questions
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- Question 1 of 50
The maximum number of members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha has been fixed by the Constitution of India respectively as:
Article 80 of the Constitution lays down the maximum strength of Rajya Sabha as 250, out of which 12 members are nominated by the President and 238 are representatives of the States and Union Territories.
Article 81 deals with the Composition of the Lok Sabha. The maximum strength of Lok Sabha is 552 members, which is made up by the election of up to 530 members to represent the States, up to 20 members to represent the Union Territories and 2 members to be nominated by the President from the Anglo-Indian Community. At present, the strength of the House is 545 (543+2 Anglo-Indian).
- Question 2 of 50
Which one of the following is not enumerated as a right in the Constitution of India?
Social and Political rights possess the essential characteristics of human rights. Political rights encompass traditional human rights, such as life, liberty, and freedom of expression. Freedom of religion in India is a fundamental right guaranteed by Article 25-28 of the Constitution of India.
The constitution of India does not expressly provide for socio-economic rights as the fundamental rights but they are a part of the Directive Principles of State Policy.
- Question 3 of 50
Which one of the following is not mentioned in the Preamble to the Constitution of India?
The preamble to the Constitution: WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity, and to promote among them all, FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this 26th day of November 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
- Question 4 of 50
From the Constitution of which country the provision of Federation was borrowed while framing the Constitution of India?
The provisions of a Federation with a strong centre, Residuary powers of the Centre, the appointment of State governors by the Centre and the advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, have all been borrowed from the Canadian constitution.
- Question 5 of 50
Who among the following was not a member of the Constituent Assembly established in July 1946?
Mahatma Gandhi was not a member of the Constituent Assembly established in July 1946. The 389-member assembly (reduced to 299 after the partition of India) took almost three years to draft the constitution holding eleven sessions over a 165-day period.
- Question 6 of 50
When the offices of both the President and Vice President of India are vacant, who will discharge their functions?
When the offices of both the President and Vice President of India are vacant, the Chief Justice of India or, in his absence, the seniormost Judge of the Supreme Court of India will discharge the functions.
- Question 7 of 50
A writ of Mandamus can be issued by the Supreme Court to:
A writ of mandamus (which means “we command” in Latin), is the name of one of the prerogative writs in the common law, and is issued by a superior court to compel a lower court or a government officer to perform mandatory or purely ministerial duties correctly.
- Question 8 of 50
Which one of the following is described as the Fourth Estate?
The term Fourth Estate or fourth power refers to the press and news media both in the explicit capacity of advocacy and implicit ability to frame political issues. LEGISLATIVE is the First Estate (the body which makes laws), EXECUTIVE is the Second Estate (executes and enforces laws) and the Third Estate is JUDICIARY (works to protect laws) of democracy.
- Question 9 of 50
Who is eligible to cast the deciding vote over a bill in a Joint Parliamentary session?
As per Article 118(4), the Speaker of the Lok Sabha presides over the joint sitting of the two Houses. The Speaker casts vote in the event of a tie.
- Question 10 of 50
Representation of any state in Rajya Sabha is according to:
The allocation of seats is made on the basis of the population of each State.
- Question 11 of 50
What is the maximum time interval permissible between two successive sessions of the Parliament?
It is stated in Article 85 of the constitution that there should not be a gap of more than six months between two sessions of Parliament.
- Question 12 of 50
What is the minimum age laid down for a candidate to seek election to the Lok Sabha?
In order to be chosen a member of Parliament (Article 84(b)), a person must be a citizen of India and not less than 30 years of age in the case of Rajya Sabha and not less than 25 years of age in the case of Lok Sabha.
- Question 13 of 50
Which are the two States (other than UP) having the highest representation in Lok Sabha?
State-wise Representation of Members: Uttar Pradesh — 80 (15.15%); Maharashtra — 48 (9.9%); Bihar — 40 (7.58%); Tamil Nadu — 39 (7.39%); Madhya Pradesh — 28 (5.3%); Kamataka — 28 (5.3%); Andhra Pradesh — 25 (4.73%); Rajasthan — 25 (4.73%)…
- Question 14 of 50
What is the period of appointment of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India?
Comptroller and Auditor-General (CAG) is appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal and provided with tenure of 6 years or 65 years of age, whichever is earlier (Article 148).
- Question 15 of 50
The Electoral College that elects the President of India consists of:
The manner of election of the President is provided by Article 55 of the constitution. The President of India is elected by the Members of an Electoral College consisting of the elected members of both Houses of Parliament and the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States and Union Territory.
- Question 16 of 50
How many Fundamental Duties are included in Indian Constitution?
Article 51-A of the Constitution deals with Fundamental Duties. There are eleven Fundamental Duties are included in the Indian Constitution. The fundamental duties were added by the 42nd Amendment Act of the Constitution in 1976.
- Question 17 of 50
The Constitution of India lays down that the two Houses of Parliament must be summoned at least:
The Constitution empowers the President to summon each House at such intervals that there should not be more than a six-month gap between the two sessions. Hence the Parliament must meet at least twice a year.
- Question 18 of 50
An appeal to the High Court lies in case the Session Court has awarded the punishment of:
Any person who is convicted for the offence which is punishable with imprisonment of seven years or more on a trial held by a session judge or held by another court may appeal to High Court.
- Question 19 of 50
The Vice-President of India is also the:
Article 89 of the constitution of India deals with The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of States (Rajya Sabha). The Vice President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. The House also elects a Deputy Chairman from among its members.
- Question 20 of 50
The Bureaucracy performs:
A quasi-legislative capacity is that in which a public administrative agency or body acts when it makes rules and regulations. Quasi-judicial is defined as an action by an administrative agency which ascertains certain facts, holds hearings, weighs evidence, makes conclusions from the facts as a basis for their official action, and exercises discretion of judicial nature.
- Question 21 of 50
Which organ is the custodian of the National Purse?
The idea of the legislature as the custodian of national purse was for the first time mooted by the Government of India Act, 1909. It is considered as the custodian as it is the primary and most often the exclusive arbiter of federal fiscal affairs.
- Question 22 of 50
Which one of the following is not a constitutional body?
In 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced Planning Commission’s abolition and created NITI Aayog through an executive resolution. It is neither a constitutional body nor a statutory body. The NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog is a public policy think tank of the Government of India.
- Question 23 of 50
A member of the Union Public Service Commission can be removed by the:
Article 317 of the Indian Constitution deals with the Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission. As per this article, The Chairman or any other member of UPSC shall only be removed from his/her office by order of the President of India on the basis of an inquiry and report by the Supreme Court.
- Question 24 of 50
Who can be a member of the Rajya Sabha but can speak both in Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha?
A Minister who is a member of Lok Sabha has the right to speak in and take part in the proceedings of Rajya Sabha but has no right to vote in Rajya Sabha and vice-versa.
- Question 25 of 50
The right to vote in elections to a Parliament is a:
The right to vote in elections to a Parliament is a Constitutional Right. The right originates from the Constitution and in accordance with the constitutional mandate contained in Article 326.
- Question 26 of 50
Under the Constitution, the power to issue a writ of Habeas Corpus is vested in:
In India, the power to issue a writ of habeas corpus is vested only in the Supreme Court and the High Court. Habeas corpus is the writ which was visualized as an effective means to provide a quick remedy to a person who has lost his personal liberty without any legal justification.
- Question 27 of 50
What are the ‘Residuary Powers’?
Residuary Powers are special powers entrusted by the Constitution, to the Union Government. The Parliament has powers to make any law with respect to any matter which is not a part of the Concurrent List or State List.
- Question 28 of 50
Which Article of the Indian constitution includes the Fundamental Duties of the Indian citizens?
The Fundamental Duty, given in Article 51A of the Indian Constitution clearly mentions the duty of the citizen to protect the environment. As of now, there are 11 Fundamental duties.
- Question 29 of 50
Which of the following is not a ‘Fundamental Right’?
The 44th Amendment of 1978 removed the right to property from the list of Fundamental Rights. A new provision, Article 300A, was added to the constitution, which provided that “no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law”.
- Question 30 of 50
The Fundamental Rights in our Constitution are inspired by the Constitution of:
Article 12 to 35 of the Constitution of India deal with Fundamental Rights. These are inspired by the Constitution of United States of America.
- Question 31 of 50
How many members of the Rajya Sabha are nominated by the President?
Article 80(2) of the Constitution of India deals with the allocation of seats in the Council of States (Rajya Sabha). Twelve members are nominated to the Rajya Sabha by the President of India for their contributions towards arts, literature, sciences, and social services.
- Question 32 of 50
Which Article of the Constitution of India abolishes untouchability and forbids its practice in any form?
Article 17 of the Indian constitution mainly deals with the account of untouchability. According to this article, Untouchability is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden.
- Question 33 of 50
Who among the following presides over the Lok Sabha in the absence of Speaker or Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha?
When the Offices of both the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker fall vacant, the duties of the Office of the Speaker are performed by such Member of the Lok Sabha as the President may appoint for the purpose. The person so appointed is known as the Speaker pro tem.
- Question 34 of 50
Which among the following legislation gives constitutional status to the three-tier Panchayati Raj system?
73rd constitutional amendment 1993 gives the constitutional status to Panchayati Raj. The 11th Schedule of the Indian Constitution was added by the 73rd Constitution Amendment Act. This schedule contains 29 subjects. This schedule covers important topics such as Panchayat’s powers, rural development, poverty alleviation, market, roads and drinking water, etc.
- Question 35 of 50
Indian Parliament includes:
The Indian Parliament comprises the President and the two Houses – Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and Lok Sabha (House of the People). The President has the power to summon and prorogue either House of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha.
- Question 36 of 50
Which Article of the Indian constitution provides for the employer to give maternity benefits to its employees?
According to Article-42 of the constitution of India, the State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.
- Question 37 of 50
What is the minimum age prescribed for becoming a member of the Rajya Sabha?
The minimum age required to become a member of the Rajya Sabha is 30 years and that of Lok Sabha is 25 years.
- Question 38 of 50
Which among the following court has the original jurisdiction to hear petitions and give decisions challenging the election of the Lok Sabha/Vidhan Sabha?
Election (Lok Sabha/Vidhan Sabha) petitions are filed in the High Court of the particular state in which the election was conducted.
- Question 39 of 50
Preventive detention means:
Under Section 151 of The Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 (CrPC) preventive detention is an action taken on grounds of suspicion that some wrong actions may be done by the person concerned.
- Question 40 of 50
Which among the following Articles of the Indian Constitution provides for State emergency and suspends constitutional arrangement in a State?
Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, in the event that a state government is unable to function according to Constitutional provisions, the Union government can take direct control of the state machinery.
- Question 41 of 50
Article-32 of the Indian constitution relates to:
Article 32 deals with the ‘Right to Constitutional Remedies’, or affirms the right to move the Supreme Court by appropriate proceedings for the enforcement of the rights conferred in Part III of the Constitution. Article 32 is the protector of the rights of the citizens of India and is regarded as the ‘heart and soul of the constitution’.
- Question 42 of 50
Which among the following institutions takes a decision regarding fee collection in the private commercial colleges that this fee is justifiable and not a money made in an enterprise or per capita fee?
- Question 43 of 50
What is the category in which the negotiating strategy of a strike by the Government employees falls?
The strike is one of such crucial rights available to those who are covered by the Industrial Disputes Act. Thus the right of Government Employees to resort to strike, even in the services declared to be of public utility either under the Industrial Disputes Act or by way of an executive notification, is an unqualified statutory right.
- Question 44 of 50
The Finance Commission is mainly concerned with recommending to the President about:
Finance Commission is a constitutional body for the purpose of allocation of certain revenue resources between the Union and the State Governments. It was established under Article 280 of the Indian Constitution by the Indian President. It was created to define the financial relations between the Centre and the states.
- Question 45 of 50
What is the composition of the electoral college for the election of Vice-President of India?
Article 66 of the Indian Constitution states the manner of election of the Vice President. The Vice President is elected indirectly, by an electoral college consisting of members (elected as well as nominated) of both houses of the Parliament.
- Question 46 of 50
Which of the following is at the apex of the subordinate criminal courts?
Court of Sessions Judge is the highest apex of the subordinate criminal courts in the district. The district court is also a court of sessions when it exercises its jurisdiction on criminal matters under the Code of Criminal procedure. The district and sessions judge is often referred to as “district judge” when presiding over civil matters and “sessions judge” when presiding over criminal matters.
- Question 47 of 50
Proclamation issued by the President under Article 356 of the Constitution and approved/extended by the Parliament may, normally, remain in force for:
If approved by the Parliament, President’s rule can continue for 6 months. It can be extended for a maximum of 3 years with the approval of the Parliament done every 6 months.
- Question 48 of 50
Where is the objective of “social justice” articulated in the Constitution of India?
Social justice is mentioned in the Preamble of the Constitution — “We the People of India… to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and political…”.
- Question 49 of 50
Under which Article of the Constitution can an Emergency be declared in India on account of war or external aggression?
National emergency could be declared on the basis of external aggression or war and internal disturbance in the whole of India or a part of its territory under Article 352.
- Question 50 of 50
When a Money Bill is introduced in the Lok Sabha whose recommendation is necessary?
Article 110 deals with money bills. The Speaker of the Lok Sabha has the final authority to determine whether a bill is a money bill or not. Recommendation of the President is mandatory before presenting the money bills in Parliament. Money Bills cannot be amended or rejected by the Rajya Sabha.