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- Question 1 of 61
The branch of agriculture which deals with the feeding, shelter, health and breeding of domestic animals is called:
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products. It includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock.
- Question 2 of 61
Cultivation of wheat requires:
Wheat is primarily a crop of mid-latitude grasslands and requires a cool climate with moderate rainfall. The ideal wheat climate has winter temperature 10° to 15°C and summer temperature varying from 21°C to 26°C. Loam soil is the best for wheat cultivation.
- Question 3 of 61
World’s maximum newsprint comes from:
Traditionally, newsprint was made from fibers extracted from various softwood species of trees (most commonly, spruce, fir, balsam fir or pine). However, an increasing percentage of the world’s newsprint is made with recycled fibers. Temperate deciduous or temperate broad-leaf forests are a variety of temperate forest ‘dominated’ by trees that lose their leaves each year.
- Question 4 of 61
In which of the following countries long-staple type of cotton is mainly grown?
Long- and extra-long staple cottons include pima cotton and Egyptian cotton. These cottons are renowned for their superior quality.
- Question 5 of 61
Laterite soils are found in areas where:
The laterite soil is formed under conditions of high temperature and heavy rainfall with alternate wet and dry periods, which leads to leaching of soil, leaving only oxides of iron and aluminum.
- Question 6 of 61
Kharif crops are sown:
Kharif crops are domesticated plants that are cultivated and harvested in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh during the Indian subcontinent’s monsoon season, which lasts from June to November depending on the area. The southwest monsoon is generally expected to begin around the beginning of June and fade away by the end of September.
- Question 7 of 61
Where is India’s most prized tea grown?
Darjeeling tea is a well-known tea variety that is exported around the world. It grows in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India. Darjeeling tea is unique because the leaves can be processed in different ways, resulting in black, green, white, or oolong tea.
- Question 8 of 61
The crops grown after the summer monsoon are called:
The crops grown after the summer monsoon are called Rabi. Rabi crops are sown in winter and harvested in the summer season.
- Question 9 of 61
For the cultivation of Tobacco, the soil should be rich in:
The major nutrients essential for growth the development of tobacco plants are nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and sulphur. Nitrogen has a greater effect on tobacco yield and quality than any other nutrient.
- Question 10 of 61
The part of the Equatorial region which has well-developed rubber plantations is:
Rubber can grow anywhere in Malaysia, because of the suitability of climate and soil; but most of the rubber estates are concentrated in the western coastal plains of Malaysia. Malaysia is one of the world’s leading producers of rubber and rubber products.
- Question 11 of 61
The soil conservation method in which mountain slope is cut into steps is:
Contour ploughing is the farming practice of plowing and/or planting across a slope following its elevation contour lines.
- Question 12 of 61
In which part of India, canal irrigation system is the most common?
Most of the canal irrigation is in the canal network of the Ganges-Yamuna basin mainly in the states of Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh. The maximum part of the total irrigated area of the country by canals is in Uttar Pradesh.
- Question 13 of 61
Which of the following is the main spice producer?
Malabar coast is the main spice producer comprising Kerala and Tamil Nadu. As it lies in tropical conditions with ample rainfall, it is best suited for spice production.
- Question 14 of 61
Which of the following statements is not correct?
Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in India where saffron is produced.
- Question 15 of 61
Which of the following types of soil is best suited for cotton cultivation?
Black soils are most suitable for the cotton crop hence it is also known as black cotton soil.
- Question 16 of 61
The largest irrigation canal in India is called the:
The Indira Gandhi Canal is the longest canal in India and the largest irrigation project in the world.
- Question 17 of 61
Plants are dried up in winter due to frost because:
In frost covered plants, ice crystals form inside plant cells. These crystals cause expansion of cells. Cells can expand up to a certain limit, after which they got ruptured and plants ultimately are killed due to mechanical damage.
- Question 18 of 61
The soil which originates under tall-grass prairie vegetation is called:
Chernozems are humus-rich grassland soils used extensively for growing cereals or for raising livestock. They are found in the middle latitudes of both hemispheres, in zones commonly termed prairie in North America, pampa in Argentina, and steppe in Asia or in eastern Europe.
- Question 19 of 61
Green Revolution in India has so far been most successful in case of:
The Green Revolution was a period when agriculture in India was converted into an industrial system due to the adoption of modern methods and technology, such as the use of high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, tractors, irrigation facilities, pesticides, and fertilizers. The production of wheat has produced the best results in fueling self-sufficiency of India.
- Question 20 of 61
The largest irrigated area in India is occupied by:
The largest irrigated area in India is occupied by rice. The total area under irrigated rice is about 22.00 million hectares, which accounts about 49.5 percent of the total area under rice crop in the country.
- Question 21 of 61
Which of the following methods does not help in conserving soil fertility and moisture?
Techniques for improved soil conservation include crop rotation, Contour ploughing, Strip cropping, Shifting agriculture, etc. Dry farming encompasses specific agricultural techniques for the non-irrigated cultivation of crops.
- Question 22 of 61
In a slanting hilly Indian terrain experiencing more than 200 cm of annual rainfall, which one of the following crops can be cultivated best?
Tea grows best in regions which enjoy a warm, humid climate with a rainfall measuring at least 200 centimetres a year. Ideally, it likes deep, light, acidic and well-drained soil. Given these conditions, tea will grow in areas from sea level up to altitudes as high as 2,100 metres above sea level.
- Question 23 of 61
Which of the following are not grown in the Kharif season?
The Kharif crops are usually sown at the beginning of the monsoon season around June and harvested by September or October. Rice, maize, bajra, ragi, soybean, groundnut, cotton are all types of Kharif crops. The crops that are sown in the winter season (November to April) are called Rabi crops. Some of the important rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard.
- Question 24 of 61
“Slash and Burn agriculture” is the name given to:
Shifting cultivation is a mode of farming long followed in the humid tropics of Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America. In the practice of “slash and burn”, farmers would cut the native vegetation and burn it, then plant crops in the exposed, ash-fertilized soil for two or three seasons in succession.
- Question 25 of 61
Rotation of crops means:
Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of different types of crops in the same area across a sequence of growing seasons. It reduces reliance on one set of nutrients, pest and weed pressure, and the probability of developing resistant pest and weeds.
- Question 26 of 61
Which one of the following is not a plantation crop?
A plantation is a large-scale farm that specializes in cash crops. The crops grown include cotton, coffee, tea, cocoa, sisal, oil seeds, oil palms, rubber trees, and fruits.
- Question 27 of 61
Which one of the following animals is called farmers friend?
Earthworms are called the friends of the farmer because of the multitude of services they provide that improve soil health and consequently plant health.
- Question 28 of 61
Which one of the following is related to Silviculture?
Silviculture is the art and science of controlling the establishment, growth, composition, health, and quality of forests and woodlands to meet the diverse needs and values of landowners and society such as wildlife habitat, timber, water resources, restoration, and recreation on a sustainable basis.
- Question 29 of 61
Jhum Cultivation is a method of cultivation which used to be practiced in:
Jhum cultivation also called slash and burn agriculture is a form of crop-growing farming activity. Crops are grown in this cultivation by clearing the trees and other vegetation and then burning the fields. This agriculture is practiced by the tribal groups in the northeastern states of India like Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland.
- Question 30 of 61
With which crop has Green Revolution been associated?
- Question 31 of 61
Of the gross cropped area in India, the foodgrains occupy:
Grain crops contributed about 127 million Hectare (59%) of the gross cropped area of the country. Rice and wheat occupied 22% and 15% of the total net cultivable area in India.
- Question 32 of 61
The gradation and standardisation of agricultural products in India are conducted through:
AGMARK is a certification mark employed on agricultural products in India, assuring that they conform to a set of standards approved by the Directorate of Marketing and Inspection, an agency of the Government of India.
- Question 33 of 61
Indian agriculture is typically characterised as:
Indian agriculture is typically characterised as land scarce, labour surplus economy.
- Question 34 of 61
In India, the irrigation of agricultural land is carried out maximum by:
About 80 percent of the current water use is drawn by agriculture. Irrigated area accounts for nearly 49 percent of agricultural land in India. India’s irrigation is mostly groundwater well based. At 39 million hectares (67% of its total irrigation), India has the world’s largest groundwater well-equipped irrigation system.
- Question 35 of 61
Which of the following countries has the highest percentage of land under cultivation?
India has the highest percentage (57%) of land under cultivation.
- Question 36 of 61
‘IR-20’ and ‘Ratna’ are two important varieties of:
‘IR-20’ and ‘Ratna’ are two important varieties of paddy. ‘IR-20’ (International Rice-20) is a high-yielding variety of rice developed by the International Rice Research Institute. ‘Ratna’ Rice is as long as Basmati rice grains.
- Question 37 of 61
Pick the odd one out based on crop season:
Rice, maize, and cotton are some of the major Kharif crops in India. The opposite of the Kharif crop is the Rabi crop, which is grown in the winter. Wheat is a Rabi crop.
- Question 38 of 61
The residue left after extracting juice from sugar-beet and sugarcane is called:
Bagasse is the dry pulpy fibrous material that remains after crushing sugarcane or sorghum stalks to extract their juice. It is used as a biofuel for the production of heat, energy, and electricity, and in the manufacture of pulp and building materials.
- Question 39 of 61
HYV refers to:
HYV full form is High Yielding Variety. HYV seeds are resistant and have a high yielding potential against insects and diseases.
- Question 40 of 61
Which one of the following is not an HYV of wheat?
‘Ratna’ is an HYV of rice.
- Question 41 of 61
In Indian agriculture, the period from July to October November is called:
In India, the Kharif season is popularly considered to start in June and end in October.
- Question 42 of 61
Watermelons grow best in:
Sandy loam rich in organic matter with good drainage is ideal for cultivation of watermelon. This crop requires a moderate warm temperature.
- Question 43 of 61
The term “Green Revolution” has been used to indicate higher production through:
The Green Revolution in India was initiated in the 1960s by introducing high-yielding varieties of rice and wheat to increase per hectare productivity.
- Question 44 of 61
Nature of unemployment in agriculture in India is:
disguised unemployment is also known as hidden unemployment. This refers to a situation where labour that is employed in a job is not actually utilised for the production of goods and services. Seasonal unemployment is when people who work in seasonal jobs become unemployed when demand for labor decreases.
- Question 45 of 61
Soil erosion on hill slopes can be checked by:
Soil erosion on hill slopes can be checked by Terrace cultivation. Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains.
- Question 46 of 61
Which breed of the following buffalo breeds is found in the Southwestern part of Gujarat?
The Surti is a breed of water buffalo found in the Charottar tract of Gujarat between the Mahi and Sabarmati rivers. The best animals of this breed are found in Anand, Kaira and Baroda districts of Gujarat.
- Question 47 of 61
Which one of the following categories of workers is termed as cultivators?
Cultivators are agricultural Labourers. A person who worked in another person’s land for wages in cash, kind or share was regarded as an agricultural labourer.
- Question 48 of 61
BT seed is associated with:
Bt cotton was created through the addition of genes encoding toxin crystals in the Cry group of endotoxin.
- Question 49 of 61
Bark of this tree is used as a condiment:
Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.
- Question 50 of 61
Match the following:
A. Tea 1. Himachal Pradesh B. Sugarcane 2. Assam C. Groundnut 3. Uttar Pradesh D. Apple 4. Gujarat
The correct match is as follows:
A. Tea 2. Assam B. Sugarcane 3. Uttar Pradesh C. Groundnut 4. Gujarat D. Apple 1. Himachal Pradesh
- Question 51 of 61
The adoption of High Yielding Variety Programme in Indian Agriculture started in:
The High Yielding Variety Programme (HYVP) was launched in the Kharif of 1966-67 with an objective to attain self-sufficiency in food by 1970-71.
- Question 52 of 61
‘Brown Revolution’ is:
The Brown Revolution focuses on building soil ecology, thus enabling local farmers to feed communities. Brown Revolution: This revolution focuses on meeting the demand for coffee from the developed nations by growing socially responsible and environment-friendly coffee. The Brown Revolution is related to Visakhapatnam’s tribal areas.
- Question 53 of 61
Mechanization of Indian agriculture on a considerable scale is not possible due to:
Among problems encountered regarding use of agricultural machinery, high cost of equipment ranked first followed by high fuel cost small size of farm holdings and high repair and maintenance cost. Most of the farmers are poor and cannot afford to buy or own farm machines.
- Question 54 of 61
‘Cod’ is a variety of:
Cod, (genus Gadus), large and economically important marine fish of the family Gadidae. The species Gadus morhua is found on both sides of the North Atlantic.
- Question 55 of 61
Golden Revolution refers to:
The period between 1991 and 2003 is referred to as the Golden Revolution in India. IT is related to the increased production of honey and horticulture which was the main objective of this agricultural revolution. Nirpakh Tutej is the father of the Golden Revolution.
- Question 56 of 61
Desertification can be checked by:
Desertification can be checked by artificial bunds or covering the area with the proper type of vegetation and stop over-grazing.
- Question 57 of 61
Green Revolution was started in:
The Green Revolution in India was initiated in the 1960s by introducing high-yielding varieties of rice and wheat to increase food production in order to alleviate hunger and poverty.
- Question 58 of 61
Which of the following is not a cause of low productivity in Indian agriculture?
Cooperative farming is not a cause of low productivity in Indian agriculture. Cooperative farming refers to an organisation in which each member-farmer remains the owner of his land individually. But farming is done jointly. Profit is distributed among the member-farmers in the ratio of land owned by them.
- Question 59 of 61
Which of the following is called “brown paper”?
Jute is also called “brown paper” as the colour of the jute fibres is brown. Jute is used chiefly to make cloth for wrapping bales of raw cotton, make sacks and coarse cloth and making fine printing paper.
- Question 60 of 61
The crop mainly grown in hills is:
Sweet corn is the staple food in hilly and sub-mountain tracts of northern India, although consumed all over the country. It is extensively grown in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
- Question 61 of 61
There was a substantial increase in food grains production specially wheat production, during the period after:
After the Green Revolution, the productivity of wheat has been significantly increased. From 1966 onwards, the Green Revolution aimed at bringing about a Grain Revolution.