Abbreviations of Computer

  • AAC       :    Advanced Audio Coding (audio compression format defined by the MPEG-2 standad)
  • ABI        :    Application Binary Interface
  • ABR       :    Area Border Router
  • ABR       :    Available Bit Rate
  • AD         :    Active Directory
  • ADC       :    Analog – To – Digital Converter
  • ADC       :    Apple Display Connector (DVI variant)
  • AH         :    Active Hub
  • AHA       :    Accelerated Hub Architecture
  • Ajax       :    Asynchronous Java Script and XML
  • AL          :    Active Link
  • ALGOL   :    Algorithmic Language
  • ALU       :    Algorithmic and Logical Unit
  • AM         :    Active Monitor
  • AMD      :    Advanced Micro Devices
  • AMR      :    Audio Modem Riser
  • AoE        :    ATA over Ethernet
  • APCI      :    Application- Layer Protocol Control Information
  • API        :    Application Programming Interface
  • APIPA    :    Automatic Private IP Addressing
  • ASCH     :    American Standard Code for Information Inter change
  • ASG       :    Abstract Semantic Graph
  • ASP        :    Application Service Provider
  • AST        :    Abstract Syntax Tree
  • ATA       :    Advanced Technology Attachment
  • ATM       :    Asynchronous Transfer Mode
  • AVC       :    Advanced Video Interleaved
  • AWT      :    Abstract Windowing Toolkit
  • BASIC    :    Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
  • BCD       :    Binary Coded Decimal
  • BEEP     :    Blocks Extensible Exchange Protocol
  • BER       :    Bit Error Rate
  • BFD       :    Binary File Descriptor
  • BGP       :    Border Gateway Protocol
  • bin          :    binary
  • BINAC   :    Binary Automatic Computer
  • BIOS      :    Basic Input Output System
  • bit          :    binary digit
  • Blob       :    Binary large object
  • Blog       :    Web Log
  • BMP       :    Basic Multilingual Plane
  • BOOTP   :    Bootstrap Protocol
  • BPEL      :    Business Process Execution Language
  • bps         :    bits per second
  • CAD       :    Computer- Aided Design
  • CAE       :    Computer- Aided Engineering
  • CAI        :    Computer- Aided Instruction
  • CAT       :    Computer- Aided Translation
  • CAQ       :    Computer- Aided Quality Assurance
  • cc           :    C Compiler
  • CD         :    Compact Disc
  • CD-R      :    CD-Recordable
  • CD-ROM     :  CD Read-only Memory
  • CD-RW   :    CD- Rewritable
  • CG         :    Computer Graphics
  • CGA       :    Colour Graphics Array
  • CGI        :    Common Gateway Interface
  • CGI        :    Common -Generated Imagenry
  • CIFS       :    Common Internet Filesystem
  • CLI         :    Command Line Interface
  • CLR        :    Common Language Runtime
  • CNC       :    Computer Numerical Control
  • COBOL   :    Common Business-Oriented Language
  • CPU       :    Central Processing Unit
  • CRT        :    Cathode Ray Tube
  • CSI         :    Common System Interface
  • CT          :    Computerised Tomography
  • CTCP      :    Client-To-Client Protocol
  • CTL        :    Computational Tree Logic
  • CTS        :    Clear To Send
  • CUA       :    Common User Access
  • DAC       :    Digital-To-Analog Converter
  • DAP       :    Directiory Access Protocol
  • DB         :    Databse
  • DBA       :    Database Administrator
  • DBMS    :    Database Management System
  • DCC       :    Direct Client-to-Client
  • DDR       :    Double Data Rate
  • DES       :    Data Encryption Standard
  • DFD       :    Data Flow Diagram
  • DFS        :    Distributed File System
  • DHTML  :    Dynamic HTML
  • DIVX     :    Digital Video Express
  • DLL        :    Dynamic Link Library
  • DLP        :    Digital Light Processing
  • DMA      :    Direct Memory Access
  • DOS       :    Disk Operating System
  • DPI        :    Dots Per Inch
  • DPMI     :    DOS Protected Mode Interface
  • DSL        :    Digital subscriber Line
  • DSL        :    Domian- Specific Language
  • DSN       :    Database Source Name (ODBC)
  • DTE       :    Data Terminal Equipment
  • DTR       :    Data Terminal Ready
  • DVD       :    Digital Versatile Disc
  • DVD       :    Digital Video Disc
  • DVD-R   :    DVD- Rewritable
  • DVI        :    Digital Visual Interface
  • DVR       :    Digital Video Recorder
  • EAP       :    Extensible Authentication Protocol
  • EBCDIC :    Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
  • EDO       :    Extended Data Out
  • EEPROM     :  Electronically-Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
  • EFF        :    Electronic Frontier Foundation
  • EFI         :    Extensible Firmware Interface
  • EGA       :    Enhanced Graphics Array
  • EGP       :    Exterior Gateway Protocal
  • eID         :    electronic ID card
  • EIGRP    :    Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
  • ELF        :    Executable and Linkable Format
  • ELM       :    Electronic Mail
  • EOM      :    End of Message
  • EPROM  :    Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
  • EUC       :    Extended Unix Code
  • EXE       :    EXEcutable
  • FAP        :    FORTRAN Assembly Program
  • FAT        :    File Allocation Table
  • FAQ       :    Frequently Asked Questions
  • FDC       :    Floppy Disk Controller
  • FDD       :    Floppy Disk Drive
  • FIFO      :    First In Fist Out
  • FHS        :    Filesystem Hierarchy Standard
  • FCS        :    Frame Check Sequence
  • FPU        :    Floating Point Unit
  • FS          :    File System
  • FSB        :    Front Side Bus
  • FTP        :    File Transfer Protocol
  • FXP        :    File eXchange Protocol
  • Gb          :    Gigabit
  • GB         :    Gigabyte
  • GCR       :    Group Code Recording
  • GDI        :    Graphics Device Interface
  • GIF        :    Graphics Interchange Format
  • GIGO     :    Garbage In, Garbage Out
  • GPU       :    Graphics Processing Unit
  • GUI        :    Graphical User Interface
  • HAL       :    Hardware Abstraction Layer
  • HCI        :    Human Computer Interaction
  • HDD       :    Hard Disk Drive
  • HD DVD :    High Definition DVD
  • HDL       :    Hardware Description Language
  • HHD       :    Hybrid Hard Drive
  • HID        :    Human Interface Guidelines
  • HIG        :    Human Interface Guidelines
  • HPFS      :    High Performance File System
  • HSM       :    Hierarchical Storage Management
  • HTM       :    Hierarchical Temporal Memory
  • HTML     :    Hypertext Markup Language
  • HTTP      :    Hypertext Transfer Protocol
  • HTX       :    Hyper Transport eXpansion
  • HURD    :    Hird of Unix- Replacing Daemons
  • HVD       :    Holographic Versatile Disc
  • IBM        :    International Business Machines
  • ICMP      :    Internet Control Message Protocol
  • ICP         :    Internet Cache Protocol
  • IDL        :    Interface Definition Language
  • IE           :    Internet Explorer
  • IGMP     :    Internet Group Management Protocol
  • IGRP      :    Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
  • IHV        :    Independent Hardware Vendor
  • IIOP       :    Internet Inter-Orb Protocol
  • IIS          :    Internet Information Services
  • IM          :    Instant Messaging
  • IMAP     :    Internet Message Access Protocol
  • I/O         :    Input/Output
  • IP           :    Internet Protocol
  • IPC         :    Inter-Process Communication
  • IPP         :    Internet Printing Protocol
  • Ipsec       :    Internet Protocol security
  • IPTV      :    Internet Protocol Television
  • IPX        :    Internetwork  Packet Exchange
  • IRC        :    Internet Relay Chat
  • IRP         :    I/ORequest Packet
  • IRQ        :    Interrupt Request
  • ISC         :    Internet Storm Center
  • ISO        :    International Organisation for Standardisation
  • ISOC      :    Internet Society
  • ISP         :    Internet Service Provider
  • ISR         :    Interrupt Service Routine
  • ISV        :    Independent Software Vendor
  • IT           :    Information Technology
  • ITU        :    International Telecommunication Union
  • J2CE      :    Java 2 Cryptograhic Edition
  • JDS        :    Java Desktop System
  • JMX       :    Java Management Extensions
  • JMS        :    Java Message Service
  • JNDI      :    Java Naming and Directory Interface
  • JNI         :    Java Native Interface
  • JPEG      :    Joint Photographic Experts Group
  • JS           :    Java Script
  • JSON      :    Java Script Object Notation
  • JSP         :    Java Server Pages
  • JUG        :    Java Users Group
  • Kb          :    Kilobit
  • KB         :    Kilobyte
  • kHz        :    Kilohertz
  • LAN       :    Local Area Network
  • LIFO      :    Last In first Out
  • LSB        :    Least Significant Bit
  • MAN      :    Metropolitan Area Network
  • MANET  :    Mobile Ad- Hoc Network
  • Mb         :    Megabit
  • MB         :    Megabyte
  • MBCS     :    Multi Byte Character Set
  • MBR       :    Master Boot Record
  • MDI       :    Multiple Document Interface
  • MICR     :    Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
  • MIMO    :    Multiple-Input Multiple-Output
  • MIPS      :    Million Instructions Per Second
  • MIME     :    Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
  • MMX      :    Multi-Media Extensions
  • MNG      :    Multiple-Image Network Graphics
  • MPEG    :    Motion Pictures (Coding) Experts Group
  • MPL       :    Mozilla Public License
  • MSB       :    Most Significant Bit
  • MS-DOS :    Microsoft DOS
  • MVS       :    Multiple Virtual Storage
  • NEXT     :    Near- End Cross Talk
  • NFS        :    Network File System
  • NIO        :    New I/O
  • NMI       :    Non- Maskable Interrupt
  • NNTP     :    Network News Transfer Protocol
  • NOP       :    No Operation
  • NOS       :    Netwrok Operating System
  • NTP        :    Network Time Protocol
  • OOP       :    Object- Oriented Programming
  • OPML     :    Outline Processor Markup Language
  • OS          :    Operating System
  • OSS        :    Open- Source Software
  • P2P        :    Peer-To- Peer
  • PAN       :    Personal Area Network
  • PAP        :    Password Authentication Protocol
  • PATA     :    Parallel ATA
  • PC          :    Personal Computer
  • PCI         :    Peripheral Component Interconnect
  • PCLe      :    PCI Express
  • PCL        :    Printer Command Language
  • PGA       :    Pin Grid Array
  • PIC         :    Peripheral Interface Controller
  • PIC         :    Programmable Interrupt Controller
  • PINE      :    Program for Internet News & Email
  • PIO        :    Programmed Input/ Output
  • PnP        :    Plug-and- Play
  • PoE        :    Power over Ethernet
  • PPC        :    Power PC
  • PPI         :    Pixels Per Inch
  • PPP        :    Point-to-Point Protocol
  • PPPoA    :    PPP over Ethernet
  • PPTP      :    Point- to-Point Tunneling Protocol
  • PSU        :    Power Supply Unit
  • QDR       :    Quad Data Rate
  • QFP        :    Quoted For Permanence
  • QoS        :    Quality of Service
  • RADIUS :    Remote Authentication Dial In User Service
  • RAID      :    Redundant Array of Independent Disks
  • RAM      :    Random Access Memory
  • RARP     :    Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
  • RDBMS  :    Relational Database Management System
  • RDF       :    Resource Description Framework
  • REFAL   :    REcursive Functions Algorithmic Language
  • RIP         :    Routing Information Protocol
  • ROM      :    Read Only Memory
  • ROMB    :    Read-Out Motherborad
  • RTOS     :    Real Time Operating System
  • SaaS       :    Software as a Service
  • SAN       :    Storage Area Network
  • SATA     :    Serial ATA
  • SAX       :    Simple API for XML
  • SBP-2     :    Serial Bus Protocol 2
  • SBU       :    Standard Build Unit
  • SCSI       :    Small Computer System Interface
  • SDL        :    Simple Direct Media Layer
  • SDN       :    Service Delivery Network
  • SDR       :    Software-Defined Radio
  • SDRAM  :    Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
  • SMBIOS :    System Management BIOS
  • SMTP     :    Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  • SP          :    Service Pack
  • SPI         :    Serial Peripheral Interface
  • SQL        :    Structured Query Language
  • SUS        :    Single UNIX Specification
  • SVD       :    Structured VLSI Design
  • TCP        :    Transmission Control Protocol
  • TCP/IP    :    Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
  • TTA        :    True Tap-Audio
  • TTF        :    True Type Font
  • TTS        :    Text-to-Speech
  • TTY        :    Teletype
  • UAC       :    User Account Control
  • UART     :    Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
  • UEFI      :    Unified Extensible Firmware Interface
  • UI          :    User Interface
  • UL          :    Upload
  • UPS        :    Uninterruptible Power Supply
  • URI        :    Uniform Resource Identifier
  • URN       :    Uniform Resource Name
  • USB       :    Universal Serial Bus
  • Var         :    variable
  • VB         :    Visual Basic
  • VBA       :    Visual Basic for Applications
  • VBS       :    Visual Basic script
  • VFAT     :    Virtual FAT
  • VFS        :    Virtual File System
  • VGA       :    Video Graphics Array
  • VGCT     :    Video Graphics Character Table
  • VLAN     :    Virtual Local Area Network
  • VM         :    Virtual Memory
  • VOD       :    Video On Demand
  • VoIP       :    Voice over IP
  • VPN       :    Virtual Private Network
  • VT          :    Video Terminal
  • WAFS    :    Wide Area File Services
  • WAIS     :    Wide Area Information Server
  • WAN      :    Wide Area Network
  • WAP      :    Wireless Application Protocol
  • Wi-Fi      :    Wireless Fidelity
  • WiMAX  :    Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
  • WInFS    :    Windows Future Storage
  • WINS     :    Windows Internet Naming Service
  • WLAN    :    Wireless Local Area Network
  • WMA     :    Windows Media Audio
  • WMV     :    Windows Media Video
  • WOL      :    Wake-on-LAN
  • WOM     :    Wake-on-Modem
  • WPA      :    Wi-Fi Protected Access
  • WSDL    :    Web Services Description Language
  • WUSB    :    Wireless Wide Area Network
  • WWID    :    World Wide Identifier
  • WWW    :    World Wide Web
  • XAML    :    eXtensible Application Markup Language
  • XHTML  :    eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language
  • XML       :    eXtensible Markup Language
  • XMMS    :    X Multimedia System
  • XNS       :    Xerox Network Services
  • XSL        :    eXtensible Styleheet Language
  • XSL-FO  :    eXtensible Stylesheet Language Formatting
  •                    Objects
  • XSLT      :    eXtensible Stylesheet Language
  •                    Transformatons
  • XUL       :    XML User Interface Language
  • Y2K       :    Year Two Thousand
  • ZIFS       :    Zero Insertion Force Socket
  • ZISC       :    Zero Instruction Set Computer
  • ZMA     :  Zone Multicast Address