Directions: Which of the phrases given below should replace the phrase given in bold in the following sentence to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct.
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Question 1 of 25
Our foreign exchange reserves have been increased substantial.
The correct answer choice is (b) because it expresses that the action is complete, i.e. our foreign exchange reserves have increased substantially. The sentence is the form of present perfect tense. The 1st answer choice would have fit in if the action would have begun in past and still continued, i.e. present perfect continuous tense.
Question 2 of 25
The key to a competitive economy is its investment regime.
The sentence is grammatically correct and no correction is required .
Question 3 of 25
Driving a car in jammed traffic require extraordinary patience – especially when other drivers are not disciplined.
None of the given answer choices fit in correctly.
Question 4 of 25
Chinese army possesses highly sophisticated simulators on which their soldiers are training.
None of the given answer choice fit correctly in the sentence.
Question 5 of 25
Every novel activity will be likely to face resistance from vested interests.
Only the answer choice (a) fits correctly because the sentence is in simple present tense and if ‘will be or would be’ is used it becomes a sentence which uses future tense.
Question 6 of 25
We observed that traders were not primarily dedicated with art of selling.
The word dedicated cannot be used with ‘by’ ‘in’ and ‘with’; grammatically it can only be used with word ‘to’ something.
Question 7 of 25
It is become equally clear that campaign against smoking will have little success until people realize its importance.
The sentence is an illustration of present perfect tense so it should use ‘has’ in place of ‘is’ because after reading the sentence it becomes clear as to what will be the consequences of the campaign .
Question 8 of 25
Once the event is over, many people claimed credit for success but disown the responsibility for failure.
The second answer choice fits correctly because the ‘ed’ form of word ‘claim’ cannot be used.
Question 9 of 25
People should be have their own mechanism to guard against the activities of unscrupulous elements.
The correct grammatical form of sentence will be ‘People should have their own mechanism ……….’.
Question 10 of 25
The real wonder is that the artisans while constructing the Ajanta Caves possessed only the simplest hand tools.
The sentence is grammatically correct and no correction is required.
Question 11 of 25
Occupying by many meetings, he did not reach home till late
Question 12 of 25
We were nervous while the auditor was going by the accounts.
Question 13 of 25
Parents have to take some of this precaution while allowing their children to use the internet.
Question 14 of 25
An employee will get the incentive, only if he deserves it.
Question 15 of 25
Sunita has been posted in Chennai, where is her birthplace.
Question 16 of 25
Expect for you and I, everyone brought a present to the party.
When the word ‘except’ is used, ‘me’ is used with it instead of I, so the most appropriate form of this phrase will be except for you and me.
Question 17 of 25
Although I calculate that he will be here any minute, I cannot wait much longer for him.
‘Calculate’ is not an appropriate word for this sentence, calculation is done on the basis of available facts with certain fixed rules, whereas according to the sense of the sentence the person is only making a guess or a supposition, thus reckon is the most appropriate word that can be used to replace calculate.
Question 18 of 25
Today this is a totally different world than we have seen in the last decade.
Different is used with ‘from’ e.g. ‘you are different from Ritu’. Than is used for comparisons, e.g., The world is more populated than it was in our time.
Question 19 of 25
Although he was the most friendly of all present and different from the others, he hadn’t hardly any friends except me.
When we use the word ‘hardly’, it implies a negative meaning, there is then no need to use not, so the most suitable use is ‘he hardly had any friends’.
Question 20 of 25
Since we are living in Bombay for five years, we are reluctant to move to another city.
The tense in this sentence should be the present perfect continuous because it refers to an action that started at some time in past and continues till the present time so right use is ‘have been living in Mumbai.’
Question 21 of 25
As a child, my parents took me to Jammu to visit my grandmother.
As a child, should be followed by a phrase that has ‘child’ as its subject, i.e., as a child I was taken by my parents to visit Jammu & Kashmir or other ways, we can change the first part of the sentence, the second part describes an action so the first should be an adverb clause. Thus when I was child is the most suitable alternative.
Question 22 of 25
Anyone interested in the use of computer can learn much if you have access to a state-of-the-an microcomputer.
‘Anyone’ implies a person involved. So a personal pronoun will be needed to give conditions later in the sentence, there must be a ‘he’ or ‘one’ in the sentence. The noun cannot be in the second person but has to be in the third person because ‘Anyone’ refers to an unknown third person.
Question 23 of 25
Start the motor, and then you should remove the blocks.
The use of the modal ‘should’ is unnecessary in this statement. It is a statement giving directions.
Question 24 of 25
The Vice President of the local bank spoke for a half an hour and told his colleague that he, his colleague, must consider finding a new job, or accept a reduction in salary.
The part he, his colleague could easily be eliminated and a simpler form of to + verb can be used to make the sentence more appropriate (a) is grammatically incorrect since it has omitted the article ‘an’ (b) changes the meaning or intent of the underlined phrase. Thus (c) is the most suitable choice.
Question 25 of 25
The higher you climb a Himalayan peak more cold you feel.
The higher you climb a Himalayan peak the colder you feel