Directions: Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The letter of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (e) i.e. ‘No error’. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any.
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Question 1 of 25
His most striking _____ is the enthusiasm which he brings to everything he does.
We are talking of his most striking (remarkable) quality. The characteristics of a person, thing are the qualities or features that belong to them and make them recognisable.
Question 2 of 25
Renu is a ______. You can lead her by the nose.
You can lead Renu by the nose. That is, you can have complete control over her. Now, this is possible only when Renu be a simpleton. A simpleton is a person who is not very intelligent and can easily be fooled.
Question 3 of 25
Women should be paid the same as men-when they do the same job, for surely, what is sauce for the______ is sauce for the ___
What is sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander means what is acceptable for one person in a particular situation should be acceptable for another person in a similar situation.
Question 4 of 25
Ravi was always_______ of the good fortune of others.
When someone else has good fortune (luck), the general feeling is: “Why is he the favoured one? Why not I?” This is a feeling of envy.
Question 5 of 25
Survival of mankind itself is in danger due to__________of atomic weapons.
If you are even moderately interested in news, you must have heard of the NPT. It stands for Nuclear non-proliferation Treaty — a treaty which aims at halting the proliferation (increasing in number very quickly) of nuclear (atomic) weapons.
Question 6 of 25
Though fond of many acquaintances, I desire_____ only with a few.
The correct choice should have a meaning similar to acquaintances but have a greater intensity. An acquaintance is a person whom one knows, especially through work or business, but who is not a close (intimate) friend.
Question 7 of 25
The Director pointed out in favour of the manager that the profitability of the plant had _____ since he had taken over.
(4) is rejected because the word should suggest that the fact goes “in favour of” the manager. If the profitability declines it would go against the manager. A good manager adds to the profitability. In other words, the profitability increases.
Question 8 of 25
Cellular phone service has______ in a new phase of communication.
Ushered (show or guide somewhere) seems to be the most appropriate in the context of the sentence.
Question 9 of 25
The present____has not prevented the railway minister from announcing an increasing number of superfast trains.
Only something negative can prevent a good measure. We have two choices representing negativeness: (1) and (2). But (2) is not applicable: A syndrome is a medical condition that is characterised by a particular group of signs and symptoms.
Question 10 of 25
When I listened to his cogent arguments, all my___were___and I was forced to agree with his point of view.
Question 11 of 25
His remarks were filled with _____ , which sounded lofty but presented nothing new to the audience.
An aphorism is a short witty sentence (not lofty) which expresses a general truth or observation. Bombast is the use of long, important sounding words with little meaning in an attempt to impress others. (Note that the definition is silent on presented nothing new”.) An adage is something which people often say and which expresses a general truth about some aspect of life. (It need not be lofty.)
Question 12 of 25
Nabeesa was not_____ by the criticism and paid no_____ even when her best friend talked against her.
(3) and (4) are close choices. Both heed and attention are acceptable for the second blank. Now, on to the first blank. You are bothered with or about something, but you are deterred by it.
Question 13 of 25
When indecision grips a nation, free men feel the need for an _____ruler and are prepared to throw democracy overboard.
Autocratic is the adjective from autocracy (autos = self + kratos = power). An autocratic ruler concentrates all power in himself. He makes decisions without asking anyone else’s advice.
Question 14 of 25
India has the_______ of high saving and low growth rates.
Common sense tells us that high saving rates should lead to (greater investment and therefore) “high” growth rates. But here it is “low”. This is a paradox
Question 15 of 25
Few countries can____India in variety, colour and richness of dance-forms.
If A rivals B, both A and B are of the same standard or quality. In other words, A matches B. “Few countries can rival India” means there is hardly any country that can match India. India is almost unique.
Question 16 of 25
She was a devoted wife and looked____ her husband very well
Let us look at the look phrases. If you look after someone, you do what is necessary to keep him healthy, safe, or in good condition. If you look after something, you are responsible for it.
Question 17 of 25
It is a penal_____to bribe a public servant.
The word penal means “punishable by law”. Hence, offence is the correct choice. An offence is a crime that breaks a particular law and requires a particular punishment. A sin, on the other hand, is a moral wrong. If you sin, you break the laws of God.
Question 18 of 25
The teacher_____the boy’s comic which he was reading during the Mathematics period.
The “comic’: (comics book) changes hands – it goes from the boy to the teacher. Only (2), (3) and (4) give this sense of change of hands. Of these, seized is the most appropriate. If someone in authority (here “the teacher”) seizes your property (here “the boy’s comic”), they take it from you, often by force. Of course, no boy would willingly part with his “comic”
Question 19 of 25
The entire village condoled ____ the jawan’s widow in her bereavement.
You condole with a person on/over his or her great misfortune.
Question 20 of 25
He became the Governor of a Province_____.
If something changes or becomes true in the course of time, it has so become over a long period of time.
Question 21 of 25
This is a_____ translation of the speech.
A literal translation is one in which you translate each ‘word of the original work. Since each language has its own idiom, a literal translation leads to awkward usage. A literal translation is therefore not considered good. A good translation gives the meaning of each expression, sentence or paragraph, using words that sound natural.
Question 22 of 25
The battalion operating from the mountain was able to tie____ three enemy divisions.
If you tie down someone, you restrict his freedom in some way.
Question 23 of 25
She put____ a brief appearance at the end of the party.
Question 24 of 25
Once he has signed the agreement, he won’t be able to back______.
Question 25 of 25
The master dispensed_______the services of his servant.